பாடம் 02: கிறிஸ்துவைப் பற்றிய ஒரு கண்ணோட்டம்

ghlk; 2: fpwp];Jitg; gw;wpa xU fz;Nzhl;lk;

mtH; kdpjH;fNshL rQ;rupj;jhh;. Mdhy; mtUila tho;f;if cyfpy; tho;e;j kdpjH;fSila tho;f;ifiatpl caH;e;jjhf ,Ue;jJ. vf; Nfhzj;jpypUe;J ghH;j;jhYk; gOjw;wJk;> Fiwaw;wJkhd mtUila tho;T mtUila vjpupfSk; Gfo;e;j $Wtjhf ,Uf;fpwJ. mtUila tho;T rpwg;gk;rq;fis cs;slf;fpa jdpr; rpwg;G kpf;fJ. FiwghLs;s kdpjd; mtiuf; fz;Lgpbf;f KbahJ. ehj;jPfd; vtDk; mtiuf; Fwpj;J tpsf;fk; juKbahJ. mtH; ,e;j cyfpy; tho;e;jnghOJ ve;j E}iyAk; vOjtpy;iy. mdhy; tuyhw;wpNyNah ve;j kdpjidtplTk; mjpfkhf ,tiug; gw;wp vOjg;gl;Ls;sJ. ve;j kdpjidAk;tplTk; cyftuyhw;wpNyNa ,tUila jhf;fk; kpfg; ngupajhf ,Uf;fpwJ. cyf murpaypy; ,tH; ve;jg; gq;Fk; tfpf;ftpy;iy. ngupa ,uhZtj;jpd; jsgjpahfTk; ,Ue;jjpy;iy. Mdhy; vyf tuyhw;iw fp.K. vd;Wk; fp.gp. vd;Wk; (fpwp];JTf;Fg; Kd;> fpwp];JTf;Fg; gpd;) vd;Wk; ,uz;lhfg; gpupg;gjw;Ff; fhuzkhdhH;. cyf tuyhw;wpNy xU kpfg; ngupa gpur;ridf;FupatuhfTk; fLikahf vjpH;f;fg;gl;ltuhfTk; ,uf;fkw;w Kiwapy; Jd;GWj;jg;gl;ltuhfTk;> nfhLukhd Kiwapy; nfhiynra;ag;gl;ltuhfTk; ,Uf;fpwhH;. ,t;thW f\;lq;fs; mDgtpj;jNghjpYk; mfpk;iriaf; Fwpj;Jk; gopf;Fg; gop nra;tjw;F vjpuhfTk; MAjk; vLj;jYf;F vjpuhfTk; Nghjpj;J> mtH; $wpdhH;. vd;Dila ,uh[;[pak; ,t;Tyfj;jpw;Fupajy;y. mtupd; ew;rhl;rp mtUila xOf;fj;jpyhd caH;e;j tho;thFk;. mtUila tho;ehl;fs; epj;jpakhf ,Uf;fpwJ. mtH; ,Ue;jtUk;> ,Uf;fpwtUk;> tUfpwtUkha; ,Uf;fpwhH;. mtUila tho;Tf;F KbNt ,y;iy.

1) mtUila ehkq;fs;

mtH; ,NaR vd;w ngaupy; miof;fg;gl;lhH;. Vndd;why; mtH; jkJ [dq;fspd; ghtq;fis ePf;fp mth;fis ,ul;rpg;ghh; (kj;.1:21). ,NaR vd;wjd; nghUs; fH;j;jH; (NaNfhth) ,ul;rpf;fpwhH;> mtH; ,ul;rpf;fpwhH;> mtH; ,ul;rfH; (jPj;J 2:13 > Vrh.43:11). ,e;j ,ul;rfH; fH;j;juhfpa fpwp];J (Y}f;.2:11). fpwp];Jthf my;yJ Nkrpahthf mgpN\fk;gz;zg;gl;ltuhf ,Uf;fpw thf;Fj;jj;jk;gz;zg;gl;l kPl;gH; (Nah.4:25-26). mtH; jd;id kD\Fkhud; vd;W miof;fpwhH; (Y}f;.19:10). ,J mtH; kdpjj;jd;ikiaf; Fwpf;fpwJ. mtH; NjtDila Fkhud;. ,J mtUila nja;tPfj;jpw;Fg; gpufldk;. ,ij mtUila giftH;fs; Gupe;jpUe;jhh;fs; (Nah.10:33>36). mtH; NjtDila thh;j;ij (Nah.1:1>14). NjtMl;Lf;Fl;b (Nah.1:29). my;ghTk; xNkfhTk; MjpAk; me;jKk; Ke;jpdtUk; gpe;jpdtUkhapUf;fpwhH; (ntsp22:13). ,uh[hjp ,uh[hTk; fH;j;jhjp fH;j;jhTk; vd Nkd;ikahf miof;fg;gLfpwhH; (ntsp19:16).

2) mtupd; fle;jfhy epj;jpak;

mtH; gilf;fg;gltpy;iy. Mdhy; mtuhy; vy;yhk; gilf;fg;gl;lJ (Nah.1:3>10 > nfhNyh.1:16-17 > 1.nfhup.8:6 > vgp.1:2>10). epj;jpakhfNt mtH; NjtNdhL ,Ue;jhH;> Njtdhf ,Ue;jhH; (Nah.1:1-2). NgwhdtH; vd;w nrhy; gpwe;jtH; vd;gijf; Fwpg;gjpy;iy. xNuNgwhdtH; (Nah.1:14>18 > 3:16>18) vd;gJ mtupd; ,izaw;w xg;gw;w epiyiaf; Fwpf;fpwJ. <rhf;ifg; gw;wpf; $WtJNghy $wg;gl;Ls;sJ (vgp.11:17). <rhf;F kl;LNk Mgpufhkpd; gps;isay;y. Kjw;NgWkhdtH; vd;fpd;w nrhy; Kd;Dupikiaf; fhl;LfpwJ. nfhNyhNraH; 1:18 Yk; ntspg;gLj;jpd tpNrrk; 1:5 Yk; ,J nrhy;yg;gl;Ls;sJ. fH;j;jH; G+H;tfhyj;jpNyNa mehjpaha; ,Uf;fpwhH; (kPfh.5:2 > Vrh.9:6 > ePjp.8:22-23). ehd; ,Uf;fpNwd; vd;w nrhy; ,tH; vy;yhtw;wpw;Fk; Ke;jpdtuhf ,Uf;fpwhH; vd;gijf; Fwpf;fpwJ (Nah.8:58 > ahj;.3:14). ,th; cyfk; cz;lhtjw;F Kd;Nd gpjhtpDila kfpikapy; gq;Fs;stuhapUe;jhH; (Nah.17:5).

3) gioa Vw;ghl;by; fpwp];Jtpd; Njhw;wq;fs;

Kjd; Kiwahfg; Gjpa Vw;ghl;by;jhd; ,NaR fpwp];Jitg; gw;wpf; $wg;gl;Ls;sJ rupay;y. mtiug; gw;wp NkhNrapd; Mfkq;fspYk;> jPh;f;fjuprdg; Gj;jfq;fspYk; $wg;gl;Ls;sij jd;Dila rP\H;fSf;F mtNu tpsf;fpf; $wpdhH; (Y}f;.24:27>44). fpwp];JNt Ntjthf;fpaj;jpd; Nehf;fKk; epiw NtWjYkha; ,Uf;fpwhH;. mtiuf; Fwpj;J E}w;Wf;fzf;fhd jPH;f;fjuprdq;fs; epiwNtwpAs;sJ. mitfspy; mth; gpwe;j ,lk; (kPfh 5:2). gpwg;gpd; jd;ik (Vrh.7:14). ,wg;gpd; jd;ik (Vrh.53y;) $wg;gl;Ls;sJ. vg;nghOJk; Copak; nra;fpd;w Mrhupad; (1.rhK.2:35). jhtPijtpl kpfg; ngupa ,uh[h. mtupd; rpq;fhrdk; vd;nwd;Wk; epiyj;Jepw;Fk; (2.rhK.7:12-13). gypfspfspYk; gz;biffspYk; nrhy;yg;gl;l thf;Fj;jj;jq;fis mtH; epiwNtw;WthH;. g];fh Ml;Lf;Fl;b mtiuf; Fwpf;fpwJ (1.nfhup.5:7). gioa Vw;ghl;bNy ehk; fhZk;gbahf NjtDila Njhw;wk; fhzg;gLfpwJ. nghJthf fH;j;jUila J}juhff; fhl;rpaspf;fpwhH;. ,g;gbg; gioa Vw;ghl;by; fhzg;gLk; fpwp];Jtpd; Njhw;wj;ij jPNahNghdp]; vd;W miof;fg;gLfpwJ. fH;j;jUila J}jDila nray;fSk;> fpupiafSk; NjtDila nrayhfTk; fpupiaahfTk; njspthfj; njupfpwJ. VNjh gilf;fg;gl;l capupd; nrayhfj; njupatpy;iy.

4) kdpjdhf tUjy;

thH;j;ij khkprkhfp ekf;Fs;Ns thrk;gz;zpdhH; (Nah.1:14). fpwp];J khkprj;jpNy ntspg;gl;lhH; (1.jPNkh.3:16). ,JNt ,q;F mtjhuk; vd;W $wg;gLfpwJ. xNu Njtd; kdpjdhf te;jnghOJ nja;tPfj;jd;ikAk;> khdplj;jd;ikAk; tpaf;fj;jf;f tz;zk; xNu egupy; NrH;e;J fhzg;gl;lJ. mtupy; khdplj;jd;ik gupG+uzkhf ,Ue;jJ. vd;whYk; ghtkpy;yhjtuhf ,Ue;jhH; (vgp.4:15 > gpyp.2:6-11 > Nuh.1:4-5 > 9:5 > vgp.2:14) Mfpait fpwp];Jtpd; nja;tPfj;jd;ik kw;Wk; khdplj;jd;ikapd; If;fpaj;ijf; $WfpwJ. RtpNrrq;fspy; ,tw;iwg;gw;wp cWjpg;glTk; tupirf;fpukkhfTk; nrhy;yg;gltpy;iy. Vndd;why; xt;nthU RtpNrrKk; NtWgl;l Nfhzq;fspy; fpwp];Jitg; ghH;f;fpwJ. kj;NjA RtpNrrj;jpy; ,NaR fpwp];Jit ,];uNtypd; ,uh[h vd;fpd;w fz;Nzhl;lj;jpy; ghH;f;fg;gLfpd;wJ. khw;F RtpNrrj;jpy; gupG+uzkhd Copaf;fhuuhfTk;> Y}f;fhtpy; kDrFkhudhfTk;> Nahthdpy; NjtDila FkhudhfTk; fpwp];J mstplg;gLfpwhH;. NjtDila Mtpapdhy; fpwp];J mw;Gjkhf fd;dp kupahspd; tapw;wpy; cw;gj;jpahdhH; (Vrh.7:14 > kj;.1:21 > Y}f;.1:34-35) Foe;ij ey;y Kiwapy; tsH;e;jJ (Y}f;.2:52). ekf;F mtUila Foe;ijg; gUtj;ijg; gw;wp xNunahU vOjg;gl;l MjhuNk cs;sJ (Y}f;.2:42-51). ,];uNtypy; cs;s ngj;yNfkpy; mtH; gpwe;J> rpwpJ fhyk; Foe;ijahf ,Ue;jnghOJ vfpg;jpNy jq;fpaJ jtpu mtUila Kg;gJ taJ tiuapYk; ,];uNty; Njrj;jpYs;s ehrNuj; vd;Dk; Cupy; jq;fpapUe;jhH;.

5) fpwp];J jd;id ntspg;gLj;Jjy;

Nkrpah ,t;Tyfj;jpw;F tUtjw;F Kd;Nd mth; tUifia Kd;dwptpf;fNtz;Lk;. topiar; nrt;itgz;zg;glNtz;Lk; (Vrh.40:1-5). Nahthd;];ehdfd; me;j jPH;f;fjuprdj;ij epiwNtw;wpdhH; (kj;.3:10-12 > khw;1:1-11> Y}f;.3:2-18 > Nah.1:19-36). Nahthd;];ehdfdpd; Copak; ,ul;rpf;fg;gLk;gbahf kde;jpUk;GjYf;F miog;GtpLfpd;w CopakhapUe;jJ. kde;jpUk;Gjy; ,y;yhky; ,ul;rpg;G ,y;iy (Y}f;.13:3). Nahthd;];ehdfd; fpwp];JNt gpwUf;F Qhd];ehdk; nfhLf;fNtz;Lnkd;W $Wfpd;whH; (kj;.3:14-16) MdhYk; ,NaR fpwp];J Nahthd;];ehdfd; %yk; Qhd];ehdk; ngw;W jd;Dila ntspg;gilahd Copaj;ij Muk;gpj;jhH;. fpwp];J Vd; ,t;thW nra;jhH; vd;why; vy;yh ePjpiaAk; epiwNtw;Wtjw;fhf. mtH; xUtUf;F kl;LNk kde;jpUk;Gjy; Njitapy;iy. mtUila Qhd];ehdj;jpd;NghJ NjtMtpahdtH; Copaj;jpw;F mtiu mgpNrfk;gz;zpdhH;. gpjh mtiu kfpikg;gLj;jpdhH;. ,j;Jld; kiwthf fpwp];J [Ptpj;jfhyk; Kbe;jJ. mth; gd;dpuz;L rP\H;fisj; NjH;Tnra;J jd;Dila Copaj;ijj; njhlf;fpdhh;. Vwf;Fiwa %d;whz;L fhyk; Copak;nra;jhH;.

6) fpwp];J Nrhjpf;fg;gLjYk;> kW&gkiljYk;

fH;j;juhfpa ,NaR ,];uNty; Njrj;ijtpl;L ntspNa nry;yhky;> fypNyah A+Njah> NahH;jhdpd; kWgf;fk; Nghd;w ,lq;fspy; Copak; nra;jhh;. ,f; fhy fl;lj;jpy; Vuhskhd epfo;r;rpfs; fpwp];Jtpd; tho;f;ifapy; ele;jhYk; mtUila kfpikf;F Mjhukhf ,uz;L epfo;r;rpfisf; Fwpg;gplNtz;Lk;. Kjyhtjhf tdhe;juj;jpNy ehw;gJehs; cgthrk; ,Ue;jNghJ gprhrhdtdpd; Nrhjidf;F cl;glNtz;bapUe;jJ (kj;.4:1-11 > Y}f;.4:1-13). ,e;jr; Nrhjid apy; grpiag; Nghf;Ftjw;fhf Ntz;LNfhSk;> Mtpf;Fupa Nkd;ikia cz;Lgz;Ztjw;Fk; mfe;ijahd nray;fisr; nra;tjw;Fk; gprhrhdtd; fpwp];Jitj; J}z;bdhd;. ntw;wpfukhf gprhir mth; vjph;j;jNj mtUila ghtkw;w jd;ikiaf; fhl;LfpwJ. ,uz;lhtJ fpwp];Jtpd; fz;ftUk; nja;tPf kfpikia mtUila %d;W rP\H;fs; kW&gkiyapy; fhz;gjhFk; (kj;.17:1-8 > khw;.9:2-9 > Y}f;.9:28-36). mq;F NjtDila kfpik kpfg; gpufhrkhd xspahfg; gpufhrpj;jJ. gpjh jk;Kila NerFkhudhfpa fpwp];Jtpy; gpuakhapUf;fpNwd; vd;W rj;jkhff; $wpdhH;. NrhjidAk; kW&gkile;jJk; fpwp];Jtpd; KOikahd jdpj;jd;ikiaf; fhl;LfpwJ.

7) fpwp];Jtpd; mw;Gjq;fSk;> mtupd; NghjidAk;

NkhNr> vypah> vyprh Nghd;W fH;j;juhfpa ,NaR ty;yikahd fpupiafisj; jd; Copaf;fhyj;jpy; Ke;ija fhyj;jpy; nra;jhH;. ,r; nray;fs; mtiu ek;Gtjw;F Mjhukhf ,Uf;fpwJ vd;W $wpdhH; (Nah.14:11). fpwp];Jtpd; mw;Gjq;fs; kdpjDf;Fj; njupe;j ,aw;ifahd tpjpfSf;nfy;yhk; mg;ghw;gl;ljhff; fhzg;gl;lJ. epf;nfhNjK ,NaR fpwp];Jtpd; mw;Gjq;fis tpRthrpj;J mtiuj; Njtdplj;jpypUe;J te;jtH; vd;gij mwpe;Jnfhz;lhd; (Nah.3:2). NtWtpjkhd mw;Gjq;fisr; nra;jhH;. FUlH;fisAk;> KltH;fisAk;> F\;lNuhfpfisAk; Fzkhf;fpdhH;. mth; nra;j mw;Gjq;fs; cldbahf epfo;tjhfTk; Neha;fs; clNd nrh];jkhdjhfTk; fhzg;gl;lJ. ,aw;ifapd;kPJ jd;Dila ty;yikia tpsq;fg;gz;zpdhH;. (jz;zpH;Nky; ele;jhH;. Gaiy mkur;nra;jhH;) mtH; czTg; nghUl;fis cz;Lgz;zpdhH;.(Iahapuk; Ngiug; Nghrpj;jhH;> jz;zPiu jpuhl;ir ,urkhf khw;wpdhH;)> mRj;j Mtpfs; ntspNawf; fl;lisapl;lhH;> kupj;jtH;fis capNuhL vOk;gpdhH; (YhrU> ehaPD}H; tpjit kfd;> ahtPUtpd; kfs;) mtUila mw;Gjq;fs; nja;tPfj;jd;ikia ntspg;gLj;jpaJ. Njthtf;fpaq;fis epiwNtw;wpaJ. NkYk; ,itfs; Jd;gj;ijf; fz;L ,uq;Ffpd;w mtupd; kdijf; fhl;baJ. xUNghJk; kf;fisf; $l;b tUtjw;fhfNth my;yJ mth;fSila Mtiyj; J}z;Ltjw;fhfNth mw;Gjq;fis mth; nra;atpy;iy. ngUk;ghYk; Rfk; ngw;wtH;fisg; ghH;j;J ,ijf; Fwpj;J ahuplKk; $wNtz;lhk; vd;W Nfl;Lf;nfhz;lhh;. fpwp];J ctikfs; %yk; [dq;fSf;Fg; Nghjpj;jhH;. ctikfs; Mtpf;Fupa rj;jpaq;fis tpsf;Ffpd;w kdpjidg; gw;wpa rpWfijfisNah my;yJ ,aw;ifahd epfo;r;rpfisNah nfhz;L fhzg;gl;lJ. mtupd; kiyg;gpurq;fj;jpw;F <L,iz fpilahJ (kj;.5-7). ,J Nfl;ltH;fis Mr;rupag;gLj;jpaJ (kj;.7:28-29). Nahthd; RtpNr\j;jpy; fhzg;gLk; mtupd; ty;yikahd gpurq;fq;fshd ehNd vd;gJ ve;j kdpjdplkpUe;Jk; ,Jtiu te;jjpy;iy. jd;Dila rP\H;fsplk; jhd; Nghjpj;jtw;iw cz;ikaha;f;filg;gpbf;fr;nrhd;dhH;. NkYk; ,tw;wpd;%yk; tPLfspYk; FL;gq;fspYk; gpuptpid cz;lhFk; vd;W vr;rupj;jhH; (Y}f;.12:51-53).

8) fpwp];J re;jpj;j vjpHg;Gf;fs;

fH;j;juhfpa ,NaR ed;ikiaAk; ePjpiaAk; nra;gtuhf ,Ue;jhH;. Mdhy; ed;ikfs; jPikahy; vjpH;f;fg;gl;lJ. Ntjk;nrhy;fpwJ vjpH;g;Gf;fisj; jiyikjhq;fp elj;JtJ tPo;e;JNghd rhj;jhd; my;yJ gprhR vd;W (ntsp 12:9). rhj;jhd; Foe;ij ,NaRitf; nfhiynra;a tifNjbdhd;. mtupd; Copaf;fhynky;yhk; vjpH;j;jhd;. ,Wjpahf mtiu ,y;yhkw;nra;tjw;Fr; rjpnra;jhd; (Y}f;.22:2-4). rhj;jhd; fpwp];Jit vjpH;g;gjw;F gy tiffspy; gpwiug; gad;gLj;jpdhd;.

9) fpwp];Jtpd; kuzk;> capHj;njOjy;> guNkWjy;

ehd;F RtpNrrq;fspYk; fpwp];Jtpd; ghLfisf; Fwpj;Jk; kuzj;ijf; Fwpj;Jk; mjpfkhff; $wg;gl;Ls;sJ. Njtj;jpy; NtW ve;jg; gFjpf;Fk; ,t;tsT mjpfkhd msT ,lk;nfhLf;fg;gltpy;iy. ,NaR fpwp];J kupf;ftpy;iynad;why; ghtkd;dpg;gpy;iy. ,ul;rpg;G ,y;iy. tug;Nghfpd;w [Ptpaj;ijf; Fwpj;Jk; ek;gpf;if ,Uf;fhJ. ,JNt RtpNrrj;jpd; Nehf;fKk; RtpNrrg; gpufldj;jpd; ika nra;jpAkhFk;. fpwp];J gypahfpaJ Vrhah 53> rq;fPjk; 22 kw;Wk; gpw Ntjthf;fpaq;fspd; jPh;f;fjuprd epiwNtWjy; MFk;. fH;j;juhfpa ,NaR fpwp];J jd;Dila kuzj;ijf; Fwpj;J rPrH;fSf;F Kd;djhfNt $wpapUe;jhH;. Mdhy; mij mth;fshy; Gupe;J nfhs;sKbatpy;iy (kj;.16:21 > 17:9-12>22-23> 20:18-19). mtH; %d;whk; ehspy; capH;j;njOthH; vd;W cWjpahff; $wpaij mtUila vjpupfs; mwpe;Jnfhz;lhH;fs;. Mifahy; Nuhkg;NghH;r;NrtfH;fs; fpwp];Jtpd; fy;yiwapy; fhty; epw;f Ntz;Lnkd;W Ntz;bdH; (kj;.27:63-66). fpwp];J capH;j;njOe;j gpwF rPrh;fs; jd;Dila thh;j;ijia ek;gtpy;iy vd;W mth;fisf; fbe;Jnfhz;lhh; (Y}f;.24:25-27). tug;Nghfpw kuzj;ijAk; mjdhy; cz;lhfpw ,ul;rpg;igAk; fpwp];Jjhd; rpYitapy; mbf;fg;gLfpwjw;F Kd;dhy; epidT$Uk;gbahf xU ,uhtpUe;ij Vw;gLj;jpdhh; (kj;.26:26-28 > khw;.14:22-24 > Y}f;.22:19-20). A+jhrhy; fhl;bf;nfhLj;jJKjy; fhl;bf;nfhLg;gjw;F mtd; thq;fpa njhif Mfpait jPH;f;fjuprpfshy; Kd;Diuf;fg;gl;L epiwNtwpaJ (rfup.11:12-13). fpwp];J ,NaRtpd; [Ptpaj;jpd; ,Wjpf;fl;lk; n[gKk; tpahFyKkhf nfj;rkNdapy; Muk;gpj;J> vjpupfspd; rjp gupfhrj;Jf;Fupa tprhuiz Mfpatw;why; Kbe;jJ. Nuhk MSduhy; xU jtiwf;$l mth;kPJ fz;Lgpbf;fKbatpy;iy. Mdhy; nghJkf;fspd; tw;GWj;JjYf;F ,zq;fp nfhy;nfhjhkiyf;F mtH; jd; rpYitiaj; J}f;fpr; nry;Yk; jz;lidia epiwNtw;wpdhH;. mq;F mth;gl;l ghLfs; ,Wjpahff; $wpa VO thH;j;ijfs; Mfpatw;wpd; tpsf;fq;fs; gpd;gFjpapNyNa $wg;gLfpwJ. ,Wjpahf rj;jkha;r; nrhd;d thH;j;ij Kbe;jJ (Nah.19:30). ,J mtupd; ,ul;rpg;gpd; Ntiy epiwNtwpdJ vd;gijf; Fwpf;fpwJ. Jd;khH;f;fj;jhy; epiwe;j kdpjdpd; ,r; rk;gtk; NjtDila epj;jpa Nehf;fkhfpa ,ul;rpg;Gf;F top tFj;jJ. kdpjdhy; fpwp];J nfhiynra;ag;gl;lhYk; mk; kdpjd; mtiu tpRthrpj;jhy; ,ul;rpf;fg;gLthd;. Njtdhy; mbf;fg;gl;L thjpf;fg;gl;lhH; vd;w thf;fpak; ,jdhy; epiwNtwpaJ (Vrh.53:4). mtupd; kuzk; ,uz;L fs;supd; kj;jpapy; ,Ue;Jk; mtUila ruPuk; I];tupathdpd; fy;yiwapy; mlf;fk;gz;zg;gl;lJk;. jPH;f;fjuprdj;jpd; epiwNtWjy; (Vrh.53:9). ,NaR fpwp];J capH;j;njONtd; vd;W $wpajhNyNa Nuhkg;NghH;r; NrtfH;fs; fy;yiwapd;kPJ ngupa fy;iyitj;J Kj;jpiu Nghl;lhh;fs; (kj;.28 > khw;.16 > Y}f;.24 > Nah.20). vdpDk; mitfshy; ,NaR fpwp];Jtpd; capH;j;njOjiy jilnra;aKbatpy;iy. rPrH;fspd; fz;fSf;FKd;dhy; guj;Jf;F vLj;Jf;nfhs;sg;gLtjw;F Kd; tiuapYk; ehw;gJ ehl;fs; E}w;Wf;fzf;fhd jd;Dila rP\H;fSf;Ff; fhl;rpaspj;jhh; (1.nfhup.15:6 > mg;.1:3-9). Mzpflhtg;gl;l fuq;fs; Njhkhtpw;Ff; fhl;lg;gl;lJ. re;Njfq;fis ePf;fpw;W. fpwp];J cz;ikapNyNa capH;j;njOe;jhH; (Nah.20:25-28).

10) fpwp];Jtpd; ,uz;;lhk; tUifAk; mtupd; vjpHfhy ,uh[;[paKk;

fpwp];J capH;jnjOe;J guNyhfj;jpw;Fr; nrd;whH;. ,t;tpU epfo;rpfNshL ,ize;Js;s xU ngupa thf;Fj;jj;jk; ehd; Nghdhy; jpUk;gTk; tUNtd; (Nah.14:3). ,ijf; fH;j;jH; gyKiw $wpAs;shH;. rPrH;fs; mtuplj;jpy; ck;Kila tUifapd; milahsq;fs; vd;d vd;W Nfl;ldH; (kj;.24:3). gioa Vw;ghl;by; Nkrpahtpd; tUif ,uz;Lfl;lq;fshfg; gpupfg;gl;bUf;fpwJ.

(1) ghLglTk;> Gwf;fzpf;fg;glTk; tUjy;

(2) Ml;rp nra;atUjy;

 rpy ,lq;fspy; ,t;tpuz;L epfo;rpfSk; xd;Nwhnlhd;W ,ize;Js;sJNghy; fhzg;gLfpwJ (Vrh.61:1-2 > Y}f;.4:18-21). jPh;f;fjuprpfSf;Ff; $l ,e;epfo;r;rp jpifg;ig Vw;gLj;jpaJ (1:NgJ.1:10-12). ,g;nghOJ kpfj;njspthf cs;sJ. ghLgLtjw;F tUfpd;w Nkrpahtpd; Kjy; tUif vOj;Jg+H;tkhf Njtthf;fpaq;fs; midj;ijAk; epiwNtw;wpaJ. mNjNghy; G+Nyhfj;jpNy rkhjhdj;ijAk; ePjpiaAk; epiyehl;ltUfpd;w mtuJ ,uz;lhtJ tUif vOj;JG+H;tkhf midj;J Ntjthf;fpaq;fisAk; epiwNtw;Wk; (Vrh.11:6-9 > 65:18-25). ,uz;lhk; tUifapy; eilngWfpd;w epfo;r;rpfs;:

(1) capNuhbUf;fpw kw;Wk; kupj;j tpRthrpfs; thdj;jpNy vLj;Jf; nfhs;sg;gLjy;. fpwp];Jit mtH;fs; Nkfj;jpNy re;jpg;ghHfs;. ,JNt Mq;fpyj;jpy; Nwg;rH vd;W miof;fg;gLfpwJ (1.njr.4:16-17).

(2) G+kpapNy kfh cgj;jputfhyk; njhlq;Fk; (ntsp7:14).

(3) cgj;jputfhyj;ijj; njhlHe;J kfpikNahLk; epahaj;jPHg;NghLk; tpRthrpfNshL fpwp];J tUthH. ,ij ntspg;ghL vd;fpNwhk; (ntsp 19:11-16).

4) ntspg;ghl;ilj; njhlHe;J G+Nyhfj;jpy; fpwp];Jtpd; Mapuk; Mz;Lfhy Ml;rp eilngWk; (ntsp 20:4-6).

NjtDila ,uh[;[pak; fpwp];Jtpd; ,uh[;[pak; ,t;tpU thH;j;ijfSk; Ntjj;jpy; gad;gLj;jg;gl;Ls;sjhy; tpRthrpfs; mbf;fb Fog;gj;jpw;F cs;shfpwhH;fs;. mtUila ,uh[;[pak; vijf; fhl;LfpwJ vd;why; mtUila Idq;fspd; kPjhd mtUila Ml;rpiaf; Fwpf;fpwJ. ,g;nghOJs;s epiyapy; tpRthrpfs; mtUila ,uh[;[paj;jpy; ,Uf;fpd;wdH; (nfhNyh.1:13). fpwp];J ,e;j cyfj;jpy; ,Ue;jnghOJ ,uh[;[pak; fpwp];Jtpy; epiyngw;wpUe;jJ (Y}f;.17:20-21 > 11:20 > kj;.12:28) ,e;j thH;j;ij tUq;fhy epfo;r;rpiaf; Fwpg;gjhfTk; cs;sJ. mjpy; fpwp];J vy;yhUk; fhZk;gbahf Ml;rpnra;tjhFk; (mg;.1:6 > ntsp11:15) Gjpa thdKk; Gjpa G+kpAk; cz;lhFk; (ntsp21:1 > Vrh.65:17) rKj;jpuk; Iyj;jpdhy; epiwe;jpUf;fpwJNghy; g+kp fH;j;jUila kfpikia mwpfpw mwptpdhy; epiwe;jpUf;Fk; (Mg$.2:12). Koq;fhy;fs; vy;yhk; mtUf;F Kd;G Klq;Fk; (gpyp.2:10-11). ,g;nghOJ fpwp];J guNyhfj;jpy; njhOJnfhs;sg;gLfpwtuhf ,Uf;fpwhH; (ntsp 5:8-14). tUk;ehl;fspy; ,Wjpahd epahaj;jPH;g;G cz;L. epahaj;jPH;g;Gr; nra;Ak; mjpfhuk; NjtDila FkhuDila fuj;jpy; xg;gilf;fg;gl;bUf;fpwJ (Nah.5:22). nts;is rpq;fhrdj;jpy; tPw;wpUe;J kupj;Njhiu mtH;fs; ghtj;jpdpkpj;jk; epahak;jPh;g;ghH; (ntsp22:11-15). fpwp];Jtpd; epahahrdj;jpypUe;J fpwp];J tpRthrpfis epahak;jPh;g;ghH; (2.nfhup.5:10 > 1.nfhup.3:11-15).

KbTiu

,q;F $wg;gl;Ls;s rj;jpaq;fisg; gw;wp Njtid ek;ghjtH;fs; Nfs;tp vOg;Gfpd;wdH;. mth;fs; $WfpwhH;fs; fpwp];J tuyhw;wpd;%ykhf ep&gpf;fg;glhjth; vd;W. Mdhy; Kjy; E}w;whz;LfSf;Fs; tho;e;j tuyhw;W MrpupaH;fshd A+j tuyhw;W MrpupaH; Nahrpg]; Nuhk vOj;jhsH;fs; lhH;rp ll;> Fl;Nlhdpa]; kw;Wk; gpspdp Nghd;NwhH; fpwp];Jitg; gw;wp vOjpAs;sdH;. Gjpa Vw;ghl;bd; %y efy;fSk; Mtzq;fSk; gyKiwNrhjpf;fg;gl;L mjd; cz;ikj;jd;ik CH;[pjk; nra;ag;gl;Ls;sJ. Nahthd; RtpNr\j;jpd; %yefy; ,q;fpyhe;jpy; cs;s kd;nr];lH; E}yfj;jpy; cs;sJ. cyfpy; cs;s ve;j E}y;fis tplTk; Gjpa Vw;ghNl gyKiw Nrhjpf;fg;gl;lJk; tpkH;rdq;fis vy;yhk; Kwpabj;jJkhFk;. NkYk; tuyhw;whYk; GijnghUs; Muhl;rpahYk; ,g;nghOJ Ntjhfkj;jpy; $wg;gl;Ls;s xt;nthU epfo;r;rpfSk; CH;[Pjk; nra;ag;gl;L tUfpd;wJ. NjtDila thH;j;ijahf ,J ,Ug;gjhy; mJNt ek;Kila ngupa ek;gpf;iff;F mbg;gilahFk;. vOjg;gl;l jPH;f;fjuprd thH;j;ijfs;; epiwNtwptUjy; cz;ik epiyiaf; fhl;LfpwJ. [Ptpf;fpw thH;j;ijahfpa fpwp];J ek;ik mtupy; tpRthrpf;f tw;GWj;JfpwhH;. mtUf;FNky; ekf;F xd;Wk; Njitapy;iy (Nah.6:67-68). mtNu fpwp];jt ek;gpf;ifapd; ,Ujakhf ,Uf;fpd;whH;.

ghlk; 2 w; fhd Nfs;tpfs;

1) gpd;tUk; trdq;fspy; $wg;gl;Ls;s ,NaR fpwp];Jtpd; ngaHfs; vg;gb mtupd; epiyiaAk;> Fzj;ijAk;> NtiyiaAk; fhl;LfpwJ?

kj;.1:21 > Y}f;.2:11 > Y}f;.19:10 > Nah.1:1>14 > Nah.1:29 > Nah.10:36 > ntsp19:16 > ntsp22:13

cq;fSf;Fg; gpbj;jkhd ngaH vd;d? ePq;fs; tpUk;gf; fhuzk; vd;d?

2) nfhNyhNraH 1:16-17ia cq;fs; nrhe;j thHj;ijapy; vOJf.

vt;tsT fhykhf ,NaR fpwp];J tho;e;J tUfpwhH (Nah.1:3>10 > Vrh.9:6 > kPfh 5:2)? cq;fsplj;jpy; ahuhtJ ,NaR fpwp];J gpjhtpdhy; Kjypy; gilf;fg;gl;ltH vd;W $wpdhy;> ePq;fs; vd;d $WtPHfs;?

3) vgpnuaH 1k; mjpfhuj;ijg; gbf;fTk;. mjpy; gpd;tUk; trdq;fs; vt;thW ,NaRitj; Njtd; vd;W fhl;LfpwJ?

trdq;fs; 2> 3> 10

trdk; 5I Y}f;fh 4:8 xg;gplTk;.

trdk; 8

trdk; 11-12

4) gpd;tUk; trdq;fs; ,NaRtpd; nja;tPf epiyia vg;gbf; fhl;LfpwJ?

kj;.28:18>20 > khw;.2:5-7 > Nah.1:1> 17:15 > Nah.5:22>27 > Nah.6:64 > vgp.13:8

5) fpwp];J vj;jifa gzpfisr; nra;aNtz;Lnkd;W Kd; $l;bNa jPHkhdpf;fg;gl;lJ (cgh.18:18-19 > 1.rhK.2:35 > 2.rhK.7:12-13)?

6) ,NaR xU gupg+uz kdpjdhf ,Ue;jgbahy;> vd;ndd;d topfspy; cq;fisg;Nghy; ,Ug;ghH; vd;W vjpHghHf;fpwPHfs;?

kj;.4:2

khw;.4:38

Y}f;.2:52

Nah.4:6

7) ,NaR fpwp];J vt;thW gpw kdpjupypUe;J NtWgLfpwhH?

kj;.1:23

Y}f;.7:22

Nah.7:46

Nah.8:46

8) fpwp];J cyfj;jpw;F te;jjpd; Nehf;fk; vd;d? mt;thW te;jgbahy; Ntjthf;fpaq;fis vg;gb epiwNtw;wpdhH (khw;.10:45d; gpd;gFjp > Vrh.53)?

vg;nghOJ fpwp];Jtpd; kuzk; jPHkhdpf;fg;gl;lJ (1.NgJ.1:19-20)? fpwp];Jtpd; kuzj;jpw;F ,Wjpahf ahH nghWg;ghspahf ,Ue;jJ (mg;.2:23)?

9) fpwp];J capHj;njohtpl;lhy;> mjd; tpisT vd;dthf ,Uf;Fk; (1.nfhup.15:14-19)? cq;fs; ,ul;rpg;gpw;F fpwp];Jtpd; kuzKk;> capHj;njOjYk; Mw;wpa gq;fpid vOJf.

10) Nahthd; 14:3 > 1.njr.4:16-17 > ntsp 19:6-9 Mfpa trdq;fspy; fpwp];jtHfSf;Ff; $wg;gl;Ls;s ek;gpf;if vd;d?

fpwp];Jit Vw;Wf;nfhs;shjtHfis mtH vd;d nra;thH (Nah.5:22-23 > ntsp 22:11-15)?