பாடம் 03: கிறிஸ்துவின் கர்த்தத்துவம்

ghlk; 3: fpwp];Jtpd; fHj;jj;Jtk;

,NaR fpwp];J ckf;F ahH;?....... ,NaR fpwp];J jd;Dila rPlH;fsplKk; gpwuplKk; rpy Nfs;tpfisf; Nfl;lhh;.

ehd; ahH vd;W Idq;fs; nrhy;YfpwhHfs; ?

(kj;.16:13 > 22:41-42 > khw;.12:35-37).

ehd; ahnud;W ePq;fs; nrhy;YfpwPHfs; ?

 fpwp];J fH;j;juhf ,Uf;fpwhH;. ,ijj;jhd; rPrH;fs; Ntjj;jpy; gyKiw nrhy;ypapUf;fpwhH;fs;. mtH;fs; xUNghJk; ,NaR vd;W mtiu miof;ftpy;iy. mth;fshy; mij epidj;Jk; ghh;f;ff;$lhj xd;whf ,Ue;jJ. mtH;fs; NghjfH; vd;W mioj;jdH;. ,J Nghjpg;gtH; vd;w mH;j;jj;jpy; kl;Lky;yhy;> fl;lisapLgtH; vd;w mH;j;jk; cilajhfTk; ,Uf;fpwJ. fpwp];J gyKiw jd;Dila nja;tPfj;jd;ikiaf; $wpdnghOJk;> rP\H;fshy; rPf;fpukhf mijg; Gupe;Jnfhs;sKbatpy;iy. gioa Vw;ghl;bd; gFjpfshf rq;fPjk; 110:1 I Nkw;Nfhs;fhl;bagpd;Gk; mth;fs; ,ij czH;e;Jnfhs;stpy;iy (Nah.14:8-11 > Nah.8:24>58). mtNu vy;yh kdpjdpd; epj;jpa Kbtpd; kPJk; fl;Lg;ghL cs;stH; vd;gijr; rP\H;fSf;Fj; njuptpj;jhH; (kj;.7:21-22). mwptpy; mtH;fs; FiwAs;stH;fshf ,Ue;jnghOjpYk; ,NaRNt fH;j;jH; vd;W mwpf;ifapl;ldH;. mtiu kw;wtH;fs; tpl;Lr; nrd;wnghOjpYk;> ,tH;fs; gpd;gw;wpdH; (Nah.6:66-67).

 fH;j;jH; vd;w thh;j;ij %d;W tpjq;fspy; gad;gLj;jg;gLfpwJ. fpwp];Jtpd; me;j];j;ijAk;> mtUf;F cupaijAk;> mtupd; Ml;rpiaAk; Fwpf;fpwJ. jPH;f;fd;> Mz;ltH; cauKk; cd;djKkhd rpq;fhrdj;jpd;Nky; tPw;wpUg;gijf; fz;lhd; (Vrh.6:1). ,e;j trdk; Gjpa Vw;ghl;by; fpwp];Jitf; Fwpf;fpwJ (Nah.12:41). mtupd; epiy my;yJ me;j];J rpq;fhrdj;jpy; tPw;wpUf;fpwtH; Mthh;. gTy; vOJfpwhH; g+kpAk; mjpd; epiwTk; fh;j;jUilaJ (1.nfhup.10:26). ,e;jf; fpufj;jpy; fhzg;gLk; midj;Jk; mtUf;Fupajhf ,Uf;fpwijf; fhl;LfpwJ. NgJUtpdplj;jpy; jpUk;gTk; tiyiag;Nghl fH;j;jH; $wpaNghJ mtd; nrhy;Yfpwhd;: IaNu ,uhKOJk; ehq;fs; gpuahrg;gl;Lk; xd;Wk; mfg;gltpy;iy> MapDk; ck;;Kila thH;j;ijapd;gbNa tiyiag; NghLfpNwd; vd;whd; (Y}f;.5:5). ,J mtupd; Ml;rpiaf; fhl;LfpwJ.

fHj;jH vd;w epiyapy; fpwp];Jtpd; me;j];J

1) mwptpf;fg;gl;lhH

NjtDila topia mwpAk;gb NgJUtplk; te;j Nuhk mjpfhupf;F mtH; ,NaR fpwp];J vy;NyhUf;Fk; fH;j;juha; ,Uf;fpwhH; vd;W $Wfpwhd; (mg;.10:36). rpYitapy; miwag;gl;l ,NaR mgpN\fk;nra;ag;gl;l ,ul;rfH;> mtNu Mz;ltUk; fpwp];JTk; Mthh; (mg;.2:36). vy;yhtw;iwAk; gilj;jtH; (Nah.1:3 > nfhNyh.1:16) J}jH;fSk;> mjpfhuq;fSk; mtUf;Ff; fPo;g;gl;bUf; fpwJ (1.NgJ.3:22). vy;yhj; Jiuj;jdq;fisAk;> mjpfhuq;fisAk;> ty;yikiaAk;> fH;j;jj;Jtj;ijAk; vg;nghOJk; MSfpwhH; (vNgrp.1:20). MrPh;tjpf;fg;gl;l ,uh[hjp ,uh[Tk;> fH;j;jhjp fh;j;jhTkhf ,Uf;fpwhH; (ntsp 17:14 > 19:16). midj;Jk; mtUila rpq;fhrdj;jpw;F Kd;ghf tpOe;J Muhjpf;Fk; (ntsp 4:10-11 > 5:12-14).

2) js;sg;gl;lhh;

cyfj;ijg; gilj;j rH;t ty;yikAs;stH; fyfj;ij mDkjpf;fpwhH; vd;gJ Fwpg;gplj;jf;f xd;wha; ,Uf;fpwJ. ,J vg;nghOJNk xU ,ufrpakhfNt cs;sJ. kdpjdhy; ,ijg; Gupe;Jnfhs;sKbatpy;iy. Kjy;Kjyhfr; rhj;jhd; NjtDf;F rkkhf tuNtz;Lk; vd;W Mty; nfhz;L mij epiwNtw;w fyfj;jpy; ,wq;fpdhd; (Vrh.14:12-14 > vNrf;.28:13-17). ,f; fyfk; gpwJ}jH;fisAk; gw;wpf;nfhz;lJ (2.NgJ.2:4). fyfk; nra;j J}jd; kdpjd; tho;fpd;w g+Nyhfj;jpw;F nfhz;Ltug;gl;lhd; (Mjp.3 > Nuh.5:12). Njtd; kpfTk; ftiyahf $WfpwhH;: ehd; tsH;j;J Mjupj;Njd;. mtH;fNsh vdf;F tpNuhjkha;f; fyfk;gz;zpdhH;fs; (Vrh.1:2). Njtdhy; epakdk; nra;ag;gl;l jiytH;fis kf;fs; Vw;Wf;nfhs;shky; ntWj;Jj;js;spaNghJ> mJ jd;idNa js;spajhf Njtd; fUjpdhH; (1.rhK.8:7). Njtd; jd;Dila Fkhuid ,e;j cyfj;jpw;F mDg;gpaNghJ mtiuAk; Vw;Wf;nfhs;shky; js;sptpl;lhh;fs; (Vrh.53:3). IPthjpgjpiaf; nfhiynra;jhh;fs; (mg;.3:15).

3) Vw;Wf;nfhs;sg;gl;lhh;

gue;j cyfpy; Njtid Vw;Wf;nfhs;shky; mtiuj; js;spatH;fs; rpy $l;lkhfj;jhd; ,Ue;jhH;fs;. g+kpapNy fhw;Wk;> flYk;> mtUf;Ff; fPo;g;gbe;jJ (kj;.8:27). mRj;j Mtpfs; mtUf;Ff; fPo;g;gbe;jJ (khw;.1:27). mth; fl;lisapl J}jh;fs; fPo;g;gbe;jhh;fs; (kj;.26:53). vz;zpylq;fh Vuhskhd kf;fs; mth; rpYitapy; Kbj;j md;gpd; jpahfj;jhy; mtUf;Fj; jq;fis xg;Gf;nfhLf;fpd;wdH;. mtupd; tpNuhjpfs; mtiuj; Jjpg;ghh;fs; (rq;.76:10-12). ghjhsj;jpYs;s Nridfs; guNyhfj;jpy; cs;sth;fNshL NrH;e;J Koq;fhy;fis Klf;fp ,NaR fpwp];Jitf; fh;j;jh; vd;W mwpf;ifapLthh;fs; (gpyp.2:10-11). ,NaR nrhd;dhH;: ePq;fs; vd;id NghjfH; vd;Wk;> Mz;ltH; vd;Wk; nrhy;YfpwPH;fs;. ePq;fs; nrhy;YfpwJ rupNa. ehd; mtH;jhd; (Nah.13:13).

fHj;jH vd;w epiyapy; mtUf;F cupaitfs;

1) nrhy;yg;gl;lhh;

cyifg; gilj;jhh; vd;fpw epiyapy; cyfpYs;s midj;Jk; NjtDf;FupaJ (rq;.50:10-12). FatDila ifapypUf;fpw fspkz;iz mtd; jhd; tpUk;gpagb nra;tJNghy fH;j;jUk; jd; Idj;ij jdf;Fg; gpupakhd Kiwapy; elj;JfpwhH; (vNukp.18:6). tpiyNawg;ngw;w fpwp];Jtpd; ,uj;jj;jhy; kdpjH;fs; kPl;fg;gl;ljhy; kdpjd; mtUf;Fupatd; Mfpwhd; (1.NgJ.1:19). cyfj;jpd; ghtj;jpw;fhf kupj;jhh; (1.Nah.2:2). mtiu epuhfupj;j fs;sg;NghjfH;fisAk; mth; fpuaj;jpw;F thq;fpdhh; (1.NgJ.2:1). ,t;thW kdpjd; jdf;Fupatdhf ,Ue;jNghjpYk; khL jd; v[khidAk;> fOij jd; Mz;ltdpd; Kd;diziaAk; mwpAk;....... vd; IdNkh czH;tpy;yhky; ,Uf;fpwhH;fs; vd;W fH;j;jH; $WfpwhH; (Vrh.1:3).

2) Vw;Wf;nfhs;sg;gl;lhh;

,NaR fpwp];Jitf; fH;j;jUk;> ,ul;rfUkhf Vw;Wf;nfhs;fpwtH;fs; NjtDila gps;isfsha; ,Uf;fpwhH;fs; (Nah:1:12). Mifahy; fpwp];Jit Vw;Wf;nfhz;l tpRthrp mtDf;Fr; nrhe;jkha; ,uhky; mtid tiynfhLj;J thq;fpa fpwp];JTf;Nf nrhe;jkhapUf;fpwhd; (1.nfhup.6:19-20). Njhkhitg; Nghy fpwp];Jitj; Njtd; vd;Wk; Mz;ltH; vd;Wk; mwpf;ifapLfpwhd; (Nah.20:28). ehd; ,NaRit ,ul;rfuhf Vw;Wf;nfhz;Nld;> Mdhy; fH;j;juhf my;y vd;fpw nfhs;iff;F Mjuthf Ntjj;jpy; trdq;fs; ,y;iy. fH;j;juhfpa ,NaR fpwp];J my;yJ ,NaR fpwp];J ek;Kila fH;j;jH; vd;fpw thh;j;ij ,NaR ekJ ,ul;rfH; vd;w thh;j;ijiatpl mjpfkhd Neuq;fspy; gad; gLj;jg;gl;Ls;sJ. ,NaR fpwp];Jit Vw;Wf;nfhs;tJ> Njtid Vw;Wf;nfhs;tjw;Fr; rkk;. xUtd; ,ul;rpf;fg;gl;lJk; fpwp];Jtpd; fH;j;jj;Jtj;jpw;F cupa midj;ijAk; mwpahky; ,Uf;fyhk;> mtd; Mz;ltdpd; rpj;jj;ijr; nray;gLj;j Kbahjtdhf ,Uf;fyhk;> jLkhwyhk;> tpoyhk;. Mdhy; cz;ikahd tpRthrp mtupd; fH;j;jj;Jtj;ij xUNghJk; kWjypf;fkhl;lhd;> my;yJ mtiu ,ul;rfH; kl;Lk; vd;W gpupj;Jf;$wkhl;lhd;;.

3) rhl;rpnfhLf;fg;gl;lhh;

Mz;ltNu! Mz;ltNu! vd;W ePq;fs; nrhy;ypAk; ehd; nrhy;fpwgb ePq;fs; nra;ahkw;Nghfpwnjd;d? vd;W Mz;ltH; xU Nfs;tp Nfl;lhh; (Y}f;.6:46). mtUila ghH;itapy; mtupd; rpj;jj;ijr; nra;ahky; Mz;ltNu! Mz;ltNu! vd;W miog;gJ cz;ikahd tpRthrpapd; milahsk; my;y. xUehs; mtH; nrhy;YthH; ehd; cq;fis xUNghJk; mwpNad; (kj;.7:21-23 > Y}f;.13:25-27). tpRthrp vd;W $wp Njtdpd; thh;j;ijia Vw;Wf;nfhs;shky; kWjypf;fpwtd; ngha;ad; (1.Nah.2:3-4). cz;ikahd NjtDila gps;isfs; jd;Dila tho;f;ifapd; %ykhf ,NaR fpwp];Jit fH;j;juhf mwpf;if nra;fpwhH;fs;.

fHj;jH vd;w epiyapy; mtupd; Ml;rp

 ehk; vd;d nra;aNtz;Lk;? VuhskhNdhh; ,NaR fpwp];Jitf; fH;j;juhf thh;j;ijahy; kl;LNk Vw;wpUf;fpwhh;fs;. gpwH; jq;fisj; jhq;fNs fpwp];jtH;fs; vd;W mioj;Jf;nfhs;fpwhh;fs;. mtupd; Ml;rpf;F vg;nghOJNk vjpH;g;G ,Uf;fpwJ (Y}f;.19:14>27). ,d;iwa rKjhak; kdpjid ikakhf itj;J Vuhskhd nfhs;iffisAk;> Nfhl;ghLfisAk; tFj;jpUf;fpd;wd. kdpjd; Nkd;ikahdtd;> mtd; mtidg; gw;wp ey;yijNa epidf;fNtz;Lk;. jd;idNa czH;jy;> jd;idNa mwpjy;> jd;kPNj md;G nrYj;jy;> jd;idNa tsH;j;jy;> jhNd kfpo;r;rpahapUj;jy; Nghd;w Vuhskhd nfhs;iffs; tsH;e;Js;sJ. Njtid Neprpj;jy;> ek;ik ehNk Nerpj;jy; my;y> NjtNd ikag;nghUs;. ehk; my;y. NtjhfkKiwg;gb ehd; Kjypy; my;y> mdhy; Njtd;jhd; Kjy; kw;witnay;yhk; mtUf;Fg; gpd;dhy;j;jhd;. ,d;W VuhskhNdhh; fpNuf;ffijapy; tUfpd;w ehH;rPi]g; Nghy; ,Uf;fpwhH;fs;. jz;zPupNy jhd; fz;l mtDila epoypd;kPNj fhjy;nfhz;L ehl;fis tPzhf;fpdjhy; mtd; jd; fhjiy epiwNtw;wKbatpy;iy. Vndd;why; mJ mtDila Raepoy;. filrpfhyj;jpy; xOf;fr;rPH;Nfl;bw;F fhuzk; jd;kPJ md;G$Wjy; MFk; (2.jPNkh.3:2). ,d;iwa ehl;fspy; gilj;jtiutpl gilf;fg;gl;litfisg; ngupjhf njhOJnfhs;fpwhH;fs; (Nuh.1:25).

 ,NaR fpwp];Jitf; fh;j;jH; vd;W Vw;Wf;nfhs;tJ tho;f;ifapYk;> nraypYk; fhl;lg;glNtz;Lk;. ehk; ek;ik MSif nra;tij tpl;Ltpl;Nlhk; vd;gijg; Gupe;Jnfhs;Sjy; fpwp];jt tho;tpd; tsH;r;rpf;F mbg;gilahFk;. kf;fNjhdpah; jq;fisf; fH;j;jUf;Ff; nfhLj;jhh;fs; (2.nfhup.8:5). ehk; ghtj;jpw;F kupj;jpUf;fpNwhk; vd;W vz;zp (Nuh.6:11)> ehk; ek;ik NjtDf;F xg;Gf;nfhLf;fNtz;Lk; (Nuh.6:13). ehk; ek; ruPuq;fis IPtgypahf xg;Gf;nfhLf;fNtz;Lk; (Nuh.12:1-2)> mjd;%yk; ek; tho;f;ifapy; Njtd; Ml;rp nra;tij mDgt uPjpahf czH;e;Jnfhs;sKbAk;. Njtdpd; cd;dj jd;ikia mwpfpd;wnghOJ mtNu ek; tho;f;ifapd; vy;yhtw;wpYk; Kjy;tuha; ,Ug;ghh; (nfhNyh.1:18). fH;j;jUila n[gj;jpNy ck;Kila rpj;jk; nra;ag;gLtjhf (kj;.6:10) vd;W nrhy;yp ,Ug;gJNghy ek; tho;tpYk; mtupd; rpj;jk;nra;ag;glNtz;Lk; vd;W njupe;Jnfhs;Nthk;.

gpd;tUfpd;w gFjpfspy; NjtDila MSif ekf;F kpf mtrpak;. mJNt ew;rhl;rpahfTk; ,Uf;Fk;.

1) Kd;Dupik

KjyhtJ NjtDila ,uh[;[paj;ijAk;> mtUila ePjpiaAk; NjLq;fs; (kj;.6:33). fpwp];J xUNghJk; ,uz;lhtJ ,lj;jpy; ,Uf;fkhl;lhh;.

2) ruPuk;

ehk; tpiyf;F thq;fg;gl;bUf;fpNwhk;. me;j tpiyapy; ek;Kila ruPuKk; NrH;e;J tpw;fg;gl;lJ (1.nfhup.6:19-20). ek;Kila ruPuk; NjtDila Myak;.

3) ekf;F cupaitfs;

vy;yhk; ck;khy; cz;lhdJ (1.ehsh.29:14). ehk; cf;fpuhzf;fhuH;fs; (1.nfhup.4:2). ekf;Fupaitfs; jhye;Jfs;> Neuk; mdij;Jk; fH;j;jUf;F cupaJ. mitfs; ekf;Ff; fldhff; nfhLf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ.

4) cwTfs;

ehd; cq;fspy; md;gha; ,Uf;fpwJNghy ePq;fSk; xUtupnyhUth; md;ghapUq;fs; vd;W fpwp];J fl;lisapl;lhh;. ,JNt ,NaR fpwp];JTf;Fr; rP\uha; ,Ug;gjw;F mwpFwpahf ,Uf;fpwJ (Nah.13:35). md;G jpahfj;ijf; Fwpf;fpwJ. ehk; gpwiuf; Fwpj;J mf;fiw cs;stuha; ,Uf;fNtz;Lk;> Vndd;why; fpwp];JTk; mg;gbNa ,Ue;jhh;. mtH; ghtpfSf;F tpyfpapUe;jhh; (vgp.7:26)> ,Ue;jhYk; ghtpfNshL Ngh[dk;gz;zpdhH; (Y}f;.15:2). md;Gk;> gupRj;jKNk ehk; gpwNuhL nfhz;Ls;s cwit MsNtz;Lk;. Ntjk; cyNfhL cs;s el;igj; jil nra;fpwJ (ahf;.4:4). Vndd;why; cyfpy; cs;stH;fs; NjtDf;FupatH;fs; my;y (1.Nah.2:15-16). ekf;F tPLfspYk; xoq;fhd cwT Kiw ,Uf;fNtz;Lk; (vNgrp.5:22-25 > 6:1-2).

5) tpahghuk;> tPL> gbg;G

Ntiynra;gtuhf ,Ue;jhYk;> my;yJ NtiynfhLg;gtuhf ,Ue;jhYk;> ehk; ePjpAs;stH;fshf ,Uf;fNtz;Lk; vd;W miof;fg;gl;bUf;fpNwhk; (vNgrp.6:5>9 > ahf;.5:4). ehk; fH;j;jUf;nfd;nw vy;yhtw;iwAk; nra;aNtz;Lk; (nfhnyh.3:24).

6) Ngr;Rk;> rpe;ijAk;

fH;j;jH; ehTf;Fk; kdJf;Fk; NjtdhapUf;fNtz;Lk;. ehk; mtiu mDkjpj;jhy;> mtH; ek; %yk; Ngr tpUk;GfpwhH; (kj;.10:20). ehk; Nfl;fpwjw;Fj; jPtpukhAk;> NgRfpwjw;Fg; nghWikahAk; ,Ug;Nghk; (ahf;.1:19). ehk; gpwiug;gw;wp Nkhrkhfg; Ngrf;$lhJ (ahf;.4:11). ek;Kila rpe;jidfisj; Njtd; ghH;j;J> jPl;lhditfisf; fz;Lnfhs;fpwhH; (kj;.15:19-20).

7) ek;gpf;ifAk;> Nehf;fKk;

epj;jpaj;jpy;> fH;j;jH; xUtdpd; nray;fisr; Nrhjpj;J kjpg;gpLk;NghJ vjd; mbg;gilapy; mtid kjpg;gpLfpwhH; (1.nfhup.3:11-15)? fpwp];J NjtDila tyJghuprj;jpy; tPw;wpUf;Fk; ,lj;jpYs;s Nkyhditfis ehk; NjlNtz;Lk; (nfhNyh.3:1). mg;gbahdhy; g+kpapYs;sitfspy; vit epj;jpaj;Jf;F Kf;fpakhdjhf ,Uf;fpwJ?

 ek; tho;tpy; vg;gFjpia ehk; tsH;j;Jf;nfhs;tJ Njit vd;gij mwpe;Jnfhs;s gpd;tUfpw MNyhridfs; ekf;F cjtpahf ,Uf;fyhk;.

fHj;jUf;F tho;tpy; Kjyplk; nfhLf;fpNwhkh?

ek;Kila jPH;khdq;fspy; fH;j;jiu epidtpy;nfhs;fpNwhkh?

ek;Kila xt;nthU cwTk; fHj;juhy; mq;fPfupf;fg;gl;Ls;sjh?

ek;Kila xt;nthU nraypYk; fHj;jH gpurd;dkhfpwhuh?

ek;Kila tho;tpd; xt;nthU gFjpAk; fHj;jupd; fl;Lg;ghl;by; cs;sjh?

xt;nthUehSk; ek;Kila ruPuj;jpy; fHj;jUf;nfd;W nghWg;Gf;fis Vw;Wf;nfhz;L me;ehis Muk;gpf;fpNwhkh?

ek;Kila xt;nthU nghWg;Gf;fSk; fHj;jUf;F ehk; Mw;wNtz;ba nghWg;GfNshL xj;js;sjh?

KbTiu

,NaR fpwp];J %yk; ek;kpy; ,Uf;fpw Raj;ij ntd;why; xopa tpRthrpapd; tho;tpy; rPuhd tsH;r;rp ,y;iy. Fiwthd gupRj;jk;> gupg+uzk; ,y;yhj gf;jp> ,itNa ,d;W gy tpRthrpfsplKk;> rigfsplKk; fhzg;gLfpd;w tpahjpahFk;. fh;j;jH; nrhy;fpwhH;: vd; kfNd> cd; ,Ujaj;ij vdf;Fj; jh (ePjp.23:26). ,UjaNk ek;ik MSfpd;w gFjp. ,q;F fpwp];J ek;Kila Mz;ltuhf MsNtz;Lk;.

 Kw;fhyj;jpy; ,g;gbnahU vz;zk; ,Ue;jJ> vd;dntd;why; kdpjDila ngupa vjpup $wpdhd;. Njtd; jd;Dila rpj;jj;ij Kd;dhf itj;J kdpjdpd; Kjd;ikahd ,lj;ijg; gwpj;Jg;Nghl;lhh; vd;W (Mjp.3:5). ,t; thh;j;ijf;Fr; nrtpnfhLj;jgbahy; kpfg; ngupa jz;lid ngw;whfptpl;lJ. ek;Kila vjpH;fhyk; fh;j;jUila rpj;jj;jpw;Ff; fPo;g;gbtjhYk;> ,NaR fpwp];Jtpd; fH;j;jj;Jtj;ij Vw;Wf;nfhs;tjhYk;> epj;jpakhdtH; ek;ik Ml;rpnra;tjw;F xg;gf;nfhLj;jiyAk; rhH;e;Js;sJ. ,J ek;Kila epj;jpa ed;ikf;F Kf;fpakhdjhFk;.

ghlk; 3 w; fhd Nfs;tpfs;

1) gpd;tUk; trdq;fspy; ,Ue;J ,NaR fpwp];Jtpd; me;j];J my;yJ epiy vd;d vd;gijf; fw;Wf;nfhs;fpwPHfs; (vNgrp.1:20-21 > nfhNyh.1:18 > 1.NgJ.3:22 > ntsp 4:10-11 > 5:12-13)?

2) fpwp];Jtpd; fHj;jj;Jtj;ij Vw;Wf;nfhz;bUf;fpw> Vw;Wf;nfhs;sg;Nghfpw egHfisNah my;yJ nghUl;fisNa gl;baypLf.

kj;.8:27

kj;.26:53

khw;.1:27

Nuh.14:9

gpyp.2:10-11

3) fHj;jH ,e;j cyfpw;F te;jNghJ vt;thW Vw;Wf;nfhs;sg;gl;lhH (Nah.1:10-12)? Y}f;fh 19:14>27y; Idq;fspd; mbg;gil Ml;Nrgiz vd;d? ,J vg;gb ,NaR fpwp];Jit Gwf;fzpj;jtHfSf;Fg; nghUe;Jk; vd;gij tpgupf;f.

4) Nahthd; 20:28y; NjhkhtpDila mwpf;ifapd; Kf;fpaj;Jtk; vd;d?

,ul;rpf;fg;gLtjw;F xUtd; fz;bg;gha;r; nra;aNtz;baJ xd;W vJ (Nuh.10:9-10)?

,NaR ,ul;rfH vd;W Vw;Wf;nfhz;L> fHj;jH vd;W Vw;Wf;nfhs;shky; ,Ug;gJ ,ul;rpg;gilag; NghJkhdjh? tpsf;fTk;.

5) ,NaRit fHj;jH vd;W nrhy;ypa gpd;Gk;> ,ul;rpf;fg;glhky; ,Ug;gjw;F rhj;jpaf;$W cs;sjh (kj;.7:21-23 > Y}f;.6:46 > 13:25-27 > 1.Nah.2:3-4)?

6) NuhkH 12:1-2 I cq;fs; nrhe;j eilapy; vOJf. ,g; gFjpapy; eilKiwapy; fHj;jj;Jtj;ij Vw;Wf;nfhs;tjw;F vd;d nray;ghLfs; Njitahf ,Uf;fpwJ?

7) fPo;g; gFjpapNy ,lJ gf;fk; ,NaR fpwp];Jit tho;f;ifapy; fHj;juhf Vw;Wf;nfhz;ltHfs; gw;wp tpsf;fKk;> tyJ gf;fk; mg;gbr; nra;ahjtH gw;wpAk; $wg;gl;Ls;sJ?

nghJthd elf;if - nfhNyh.2:6 > vNgrpaH

ghy; cwT - 1.nfhup.6:18-20 > 1.nfhup.6:9-10

Ngr;R - nfhNyh.4:6 > nfhNyh.3:8-9

Ntiy - nfhNyh.3:23-24 > nfhNyh.3:22

FLk;g cwT - nfhNyh.3:18-21 > nfhNyh.3:22

8) fpwp];jtd; vd;W $wpf;nfhz;Lk;> fpwp];Jit jd; tho;tpy; mjpfhuk; nrYj;j tplhjtiu ePq;fs; ghHj;jhy; cq;fSila gjpy; vd;dthf ,Uf;Fk;?

9) ntspg;gLj;jpd tpNr\k; 3:20y; ek;Kila ,Ujakhfpa thry; mz;ilapy; epd;W jl;LfpwhH. fpwp];Jit vd; tho;f;ifapy; fHj;juhf Vw;Wf;nfhs;s vLj;Jitf;fNtz;ba Kjy;gb vd;d? cq;fs; tPl;by; ,d;Dk; fpwp];Jit mDkjpf;f Ntz;ba miw ahJ? ,jw;F ePq;fs; vd;d nra;a Nehf;fkhf ,Uf;fpwPHfs;? tpsf;fTk;!

10) jdpg;gl;lKiwapy; fpwp];Jtpd; fHj;jj;Jtj;ij (MSifia) gw;wp ePq;fs; vd;d epidf;fpwPHfs;? tpsf;Ff!