பாடம் 07: சோதனையை மேற்கொள்ளல்

ghlk; 7: Nrhjidia Nkw;nfhs;sy;

kdpj ,dj;jpd; nghJthd Fzq;fspy; xd;whf ,Ug;gJ jtW vd;W njupe;j gpd;Gk; mj; jtiwr; nra;tjhFk;. ehk; rpyNtisfspy; jtW nra;ahjtz;zk; ntw;wpfukhf jtiw vjpH;j;J epw;fpd;Nwhk;. rpy Neuq;fspy; jtiwr; nra;fpd;Nwhk;. jtW nra;tjw;F J}z;Ljy; my;yJ Ntz;Ljiyr; Nrhjid vd;W miof;fpd;Nwhk;. tpRthrpfshfpa ek;Kila Kd;Ndw;wk; ,r; Nrhjidfis ed;F mwpe;J mtw;iwj; NjtDila thH;j;ijapdhy; ntw;wpfukhf vjpH;j;J epw;gij mbg;gilahff;nfhz;lJ vd;gjpy; ve;jtpj re;NjfKk; ,y;iy.

Nrhjidapd; nghUs;

Ntjhfkj;jpy; Nrhjid vd;w nrhy;ypw;F xd;Wf;F Nkw;gl;l mH;j;jq;fs; cs;sJ.

(1) Nrhjpj;jy; my;yJ GlkpLjy;. Njtd; kdpjDila tpRthrj;ijr; Nrhjpg;gJ MFk; (Mjp.22:1 > ahj;.15:25 > 16:4). tpRthrj;ijj; Njtd; Nrhjpg;gJ Neubahf ,Uf;fyhk;> kiwKfkhfTk; ,Uf;fyhk;. Njtd; Mgpufhkplk; <rhf;ifg; gypapl Ntz;baJ Neubahd Nrhjidiaf; Fwpf;fpwJ. tho;f;ifapy; Vw;gLfpd;w f];lq;fs;> Jd;gq;fs; Mfpait kiwKfkhd Nrhjidiaf; Fwpf;fpwJ (ahf;.1:2-3 > 1.NgJ.1:6 > 4:12). ek;Kila tpRthrj;jpd; cz;ikj; jd;ikiar; Nrhjpj;Jg; ghh;g;gNj ,r; NrhjidahFk;.

(2) NjtDf;F kdpjd; rthy; tpLjy; my;yJ mtiuf; Nfhg%l;Ljy; vd;gJk; Nrhjidapd; ,d;ndhU nghUshFk; (ahj;.17:7 > mg;.15:10 > 1.nfhup.10:9 > vgp.3:8). xUtd; Njtid vg;gbr; Nrhjpf;fpwhd; vd;why; mtUila md;igAk; ty;yikiaAk; Fwpj;Jr; re;Njfk; nfhs;tjhYk; Ntjj;jpw;Fg; Gwk;ghd nray;fshYk; mtUf;F tpNuhjkhf fyfk; nra;J Njtidr; Nrhjpf;fpwhd;. ,g;gbg;gl;l nray;fs; NjtDila Nfhgj;ijj; J}z;LfpwJ (rq;.107:29 > Vrh.5:25).

(3) NjtDila ghH;itapy; jtwhfTk;> jPikahfTk; fhzg;gLgitfisr; nra;a ,r;irfspdhNy ,Of;fg;gly; vd;gJk; Nrhjidapd; ,d;ndhU nghUshFk; (ahf;.1:14 > fyh.6:1 > 1.jPNkh.6:9 > 1.njr.3:5). ,JNt ,q;F mbg;gilg; ghlkhf ,Uf;fpwJ. Njtd; kdpjid xUNghJk; Neubahf ,k;khjpupahfr; Nrhjpg;gth; my;y (ahf;.1:13). Mdhy; rhj;jhd; mg;gbr; nra;tjw;F mDkjpf;fpwhH;. rpy rkaq;fspy; gprhR tpRthrpfisr; Nrhjpf;Fk;gbahf Njtd; mtDf;F mDkjpaspf;fpwhH; (NahG 1:12 > 2:3-6).

 ,t;tpjkhd %d;Wtpj Nrhjidfis trdj;jpd; mbg;gilapYs;s vLj;Jf;fhl;NlhL ghh;g;Nghk;. rq;fPjf;fhud; Njtdplj;jpy; NjtNd vd;id Muha;e;J> vd; ,Ujaj;ij mwpe;J nfhs;Sk;. vd;idr; Nrhjpj;J vd; rpe;jidfis mwpe;Jnfhs;Sk; (rq;.139:23). vd;fpw Ntz;LNfhis Kjy;tif Nrhjidiar; rhH;e;jJ. Nrhjidf;fhud; ,NaRit Nehf;fp Njthyaj;jpd; cg;gupifapy; ,Ue;J FjpAk; mg;nghOJ J}jH;fs; mtiuf; fhg;ghw;Wthh;fs; vd;W $wpaNghJ ,NaR Nrhjidf;fhuidg; ghH;j;Jf; fh;j;jiug; guPl;ir ghuhJ ,Ug;ghahf (Y}f;.4:9-12) vd;W $wp Njtid Nrhjpf;ftpy;iy. ,J ,uz;lhtJ tif Nrhjidiar; rhh;e;jJ. fH;j;jUila n[gk; vd;W miof;fg;gLfpd;w n[gj;jpy; vq;fisr; Nrhjidf;Fl;glg; gz;zhNjAk; vd;fpw thf;fpaKk; mNj trdj;jpy; gpw;gFjpapy; $wg;gl;Ls;s jPikapy; ,Ue;J vq;fis ,ul;rpj;Jf;nfhs;Sk; (kj;.6:13) Mfpait %d;whtJ tif Nrhjidiaf; Fwpf;fpwJ. NjtDila thH;j;ijapy; ,g; gFjpiag; gbg;gJ ekf;Fj; ijupa%l;Ltjhf ,Uf;Fk;. kD\Uf;F NeupLfpw Nrhjiday;yhky; NtNw Nrhjid cq;fSf;F NeupLtjpy;iy. Njtd; cz;ikAs;stuha; ,Uf;fpwhH;. cq;fs; jpuhzpf;F Nkyhf ePq;fs; Nrhjpf;fg;gLtjw;F mtH; ,lq;nfhlhky;> Nrhjidiaj; jhq;fj;jf;fjhf NrhjidNahL $l mjw;Fj; jg;gpf;nfhs;Sk; Nghf;ifAk; cz;lhf;FthH; (1.nfhup.10:13). Njtd; Nrhjidiaj; jd;Dila Nehf;fj;jpw;fhTk; kdpjDila eyDf;fhfTk; gad;gLj;JfpwhH;. mjd;%yk; mtH; tpRthrj;ijAk; cz;ikiaAk;> ew;Fzq;fisAk; tpsq;fg;gz;ZfpwhH;. vjpupapd; thia %bg;NghLfpwhH;.

jPik nra;tjw;F ,Oj;Jr; nry;Yk; %d;W Mjhuq;fs;

%d;W jpirfspy; ,Ue;J kdpjd; kPJ jhf;Fjy; njhLf;fg;gLfpwJ. ,e;j %d;W tpj jhf;Fjy;fisg; gbg;gJ kpfTk; ey;yJ.

1) gprhR:

jPikf;Ff; fhuzkha; ,Ug;gtd; gprhR. kdpjd; Njtidg; gpd;gw;Wtjpy; ,Ue;J mtid toptpyfr; nra;fpwhd;. Nrhjidf;fhud; vd;W ,td; miof;fg;gLfpwhd; (kj;.4:3 ; 1.njr.3:5). gprhR vd;w nrhy;ypd; nghUs; Fw;wk;Rkj;Jgtd; my;yJ gopr;nrhy; $Wgtd; MFk;. kdpjdplj;jpy; Njtidg; gw;wpf; Fw;wk; $wpdhd; (Mjp.3:5). Njtdplj;jpy; kdpjidg; gw;wpf; Fw;wk; Rkj;Jfpwhd; (ntsp 12:10). rhj;jhd; vd;w nrhy;ypd; nghUs; tpNuhjp vd;gjhFk;. Vndd;why; mtd; NjtDf;Fk;> kdpjDf;Fk; tpNuhjpahf ,Uf;fpwhd; (1.NgJ.5:8). ,e;jj; jPikapd; Jtf;fj;ijg; gw;wp vNrf;fpNay; 28:12-19 Yk; Vrhah 14:12-14 Yk; $wg;gl;Ls;sJ. NjtDila thh;j;ijiag; gw;wp re;Njfj;ijf; fpsg;Gtjd; %yKk; gprhR nraw;gLfpwhd; (Mjp.3:1) Idq;fis ruPug;gpufhuKk;> kduPjpahfTk;> Mtpf;Fupa uPjpahfTk; Jd;GWj;Jfpwhd; (mg;.10:38) kdpjid mopTf;F Neuhf gprhR ,Oj;Jr; nry;fpwtdhf ,Uf;fpwtd; Mifahy; mtDf;F mngj;Njhd; my;yJ mg;nghy;ypNahd; vd;w ngaH; cs;sJ. ,jd; mH;j;jk; mopg;gtd; vd;gjhFk; (ntsp 9:11). ,td; nray; kdpjd; jd; Mj;Jkhit ,oe;JNghfpd;w epiyf;F mtidj; js;sptpLfpwJ. gprhrhdtd; Mj;Jkhitf; nfhiynra;fpwhd; (Nah.8:44).

2) cyfk;:

cyfk; jtwhd topfspy; elj;Jfpd;w nfhs;iffisAk;> Nfhl;ghLfisAk;> gf;jpaw;w jhf;fj;ijAk; nfhz;Ls;sJ. ,itfs; cyfj;ijj; Njtidtpl;Lj; J}ukhf ,Oj;Jr; nry;fpwJ. cyfk; vd;w nrhy;iyf; Nfl;lTld; Fok;gptplf;$lhJ. Vndd;why; ,J g+kpahfpa fpufj;ijNah mjpy; trpf;fpd;wtH;fisNah Fwpf;ftpy;iy. jPikahd Kiwfs; epiwe;j cyfj;jpw;F rhj;jhd; mjpgjpahfTk;> jiytdhfTk; ,Uf;fpwhd; (Nah.12:31 ; vNgrp.2:2). Foe;ij> jhapd; ifapy; ,Ug;gJNghy; cyfkhdJ nghy;yhq;fshfpa rhj;jhdpd; ifapy; cs;sJ (1.Nah.5:19). cyfj;jpw;Fr; rpNefpjdha; ,Uf;f tpUk;Gfpwtd; NjtDf;Fg; gifQdha; ,Uf;fpwhd; (ahf;.4:4). tpRthrpfs; ,t;Tyfj;jpy; trpg;gth;fshf ,Uf;fpwhH;fs; (Nah.13:1). vd;whYk; cyfj;jpw;F Vw;g xj;J tho;fpwtH;fshf my;y (Nah.15:19). kWgbgpwe;J cyfj;ij n[apj;jtH;fshf ,Uf;fpwhH;fs; (1.Nah.5.4).

3) khkprk;:

Ntjhfkj;jpy; khkprk; vd;w thH;j;ij %d;W tpjkhff; $wg;gl;Ls;sJ. ,J (1) nghJthd kdpj ,dj;ijf; Fwpf;fpwJ (mg;.2:17). kdpj ruPuj;ijf; Fwpf;fpwJ (Nah.1:14 > 3:6 > 6:51). ,q;F ehk; ,Wjpahff; $wg;gl;Ls;s ,r;irNahL cs;s Mtiyg; gw;wpg; ghH;f;fg;NghfpNwhk;. khk;rk; xUtidf; fl;Lg;gLj;Jfpd;w nghOJ ,aw;ifahfNt ,Uf;fpd;w Mir my;yJ Mty; vy;iyiaj; jhz;br; nrd;WtpLfpwJ. cjhuzkhf ghy;czH;T ,J jpUkz tho;f;iff;Fs; epahakhd xd;W. mNj rkak; jpUkzj;jpw;F ntspNa mJ Ntrpj;jdk;. ruPuj;jpd; Njitf;fhf czT cz;gJ rup> vg;nghOJk; rhg;gpLtjw;fhfNt tho;fpNwhk; vd;W epidj;J czT cz;gJ ngUe;jPdpiaf; Fwpf;fpwJ. khk;rj;jpd; nray;fs; vitnadf; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;sJ. tpgr;rhuk;> Ntrpj;jdk;> mRj;jk;> fhktpfhuk;> tpf;fpuf Muhjid> gpy;ypR+dpak;> giffs;> tpNuhjq;fs;> ituhf;fpaq;fs;> Nfhgq;fs;> rz;ilfs;> gpuptpidfs;> khH;f;fNgjq;fs;> nghwhikfs;> nfhiyfs;> ntwpfs;> fspahl;Lfs; ,g;gbg;gl;litfisr; nra;fpwtd; NjtDila ,uh[;[paj;ijr; Rje;jupg;gjpy;iy (fyh.5:19-21).

,uz;L tpjkhd Rghtq;fs; - Mtpf;F vjpuhf khkprk;

fpwp];JTf;Fs; cs;s tpRthrpfs; jq;fSf;Fs; eilngWfpd;w xU Nghuhl;lj;ijj; njupe;jpUg;ghh;fs;. rpy Neuq;fspy; ,g; Nghuhl;lk; ,uz;L Rghtq;fSf;Fs;shd Nghuhl;lkhFk;. ey;yJ nra;aNtz;Lk; vd;fpw Rghtj;jpw;Fk; jtW nra;aj;J}z;Lk; Rghtj;jpw;Fk; ,ilNa cs;s Nghuhl;lk;. khk;rk; Mtpf;F tpNuhjkhfTk; Mtp khk;rj;jpw;F tpNuhjkhfTk; ,r;rpf;fpwJ. ePq;fs; nra;aNtz;Lk; vd;fpwitfisr; nra;ahjgbf;F ,itfs; xd;Wf;nfhd;W tpNuhjkhf ,Uf;fpwJ. (fyh.5:17). tpRthrp ,ul;rpf;fg;gLfpwhH; Mdhy; Rghtk; my;y. Gjpa gpwg;ghy; Rghtk; khw;wg;gLtjpy;iy. Rghtk; vd;gJ kdepiy> Mdhy; Fzk; my;yJ xd;iwr; nra;tjw;Fupa jFjpiaf; Fwpf;fpwJ. eha; Fiug;gjw;F vj;jdpj;jhw;Nghy gioa Rghtk; ghtk; nra;a vj;jdpf;fpwJ. ,J kdpjDila gpwg;gpypUe;Nj cs;s kdepiyahFk;. MjhkpypUe;J Rje;jupj;jjhFk; (Nuh.5.12). Rghtj;jpd;gb kdpjd; ,r;rpf;fpwhd;. khk;rKk; kdJk; tpUk;Gfpwijr; nra;a vj;jdpf;fpwhd; (vNgrp.2:3). rpyNtisfspy; ,e;j Rghtk; gioa kdpjd; vd;Wk; miof;fg;gLfpwJ (vNgrp.4:22 ; nfhNyh.3:9). khk;r rpe;ij vd;Wk; miof;fg;gLfpwJ ( Nuh. 8:7 ). ,e;j RghtNk jPikf;F %ykhf ,Uf;fpwJ ( khw;.7:21-23) . mf;fpukj;jhy; epiwe;jpUf;fpwJ . (rq;.51:5). NjtDf;F tpNuhjkhfTk;> ,jd; %yk; mtiu gphpag;gLj;jTk; KbahJ. (Nuh.8:7-8 ) ed;ikahd xd;Wk; khk;rj;jpy; ,Ue;J tuhJ. (Nuh.7:18).

 ehk; kWgb gpwf;fpwnghOJ xU Gjpa Rghtj;ijg; ngWfpNwhk; (2. NgJ.1:4) ehk; Gjpa rpU\;bahf;fg;gLfpNwhk; (2.nfhhp.5:17) Gjpa kdpjdhfTk; ,Uf;fpNwhk; (vNgrp.4:24) NjtDila tpj;J ekf;Fs; jhpj;jpUf;fpwJ. (1.Nah. 3:9). gioa kdpjd; ek;ik tpl;L ePf;fg;glhkYk;> tsuhkYk; ,Ug;gjhy;> Nuhkh; epUgj;jpy; $wg;gl;Ls;sgb (Nuh.7:15-23) ,t;tpU Rghtq;fSf;Fk; Nghuhl;lk; eilngWfpwJ . Gjpa Rghtk; gioa Rghtj;jpd; kPJ mjpfhuk; nrYj;j Ntz;baJ kpf Kf;fpakhFk;> ,jw;F ehk; NjtDila ty;yikiag; ngw Ntz;Lk;> Gjpa Rghtj;ij vy;yh topfspYk; tsh;j;J> tpUj;jpahf;fp> gioa Rghtj;ij Nkw;nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;. mg;Ngh];jydhfpa gTy; jd; rhPuj;ij xLf;fpf; fPo;g;gLj;JfpNwd; vd;fpwhh; (1.nfhhp.9:27) ,J Ra fl;Lg;ghl;ilg; gw;wp $Wtjhf cs;s nrhy;yhFk; .

jPik nra;tjw;F ,Oj;Jr; nry;yy; gw;wpa ,uz;L tpsf;fq;fs;

%d;W tpjkhd topfspy; Nrhjidapy; kdpjd; tpOk;gb jhf;fg;gLfpwhd;. Kjy; kdpjdpd; tuyhW ,ij ekf;F tpsf;FfpwJ (1.Nah.2:16). tpyf;fg;gl;l fdp VthSf;F Kd;dhy; Nrhjidf;fhudhy; fhl;lg;gl;l nghOJ (Mjp.3:6) mJ Grpg;gjw;F ey;yJk; ( khk;rj;jpd; ,r;ir) ghh;itf;F ,d;gKk; ( fz;fspd; ,r;ir) Gj;jpiaj; njsptpf;fpwJk; ( [Ptdj;jpd; ngUik ) Mf ,Ue;jJ.

 fh;j;juhfpa ,NaRit Nrhjidf;fhud; Nrhjpj;j tpjKk; ,Nj khjphpia nfhz;ljhfTk; ,Uf;fpwJ. mth; grpahapUf;fpd;w nghOJ KjyhtJ Nrhjpf;fg;gl;lhh;. fw;fis mg;gkhf;f Nrhjidf;fhud; $wpdhd;> ,J khk;rj;jpd; ,r;ir (kj;.4:3) mLj;J mtiu Njthyaj;jpd; cg;ghpifapd; Nky; epWj;jp jho Fjpf;ff;$wp J}jh;fs; fhg;ghw;Wthh;fs; vd;W $wpdhd; ,J [Ptdj;jpd; ngUik (kj;:4:5-6) ,Wjpahf gprhir Nrtpj;jhy; cyfpd; kfpikiaf; fhl;b mijj; jUNtd; vd;gJ fz;fspd; ,r;iria tpsf;FfpwJ (kj;.4:8).

,r;irfspy; ,Ue;J ntw;wpngw Njtd; vd;d nra;jpUf;fpwhh;

ek;Kila fh;j;juhfpa ,NaR fpwp];J Nrhjidia ntw;wp nfhz;lhh;. mjd; %yk; ek;Kila ntw;wpf;F top tFj;Js;shh; . ,NaR fpwp];J re;jpj;j Nrhjiday;yhky;> NtW ve;j NrhjidAk; kdpjid vjph;nfhs;shJ.

1) gprhrpd; Njhy;tp:

fh;j;juhfpa ,NaRthy; rpYitapNy gprhR Njhw;fbf;fg;gl;lhd; (Nah.12:31 > 16:11 ) . mtDf;F tpRthrpfspd; kPJ ,Ue;j ty;yik Kwpabf;fg;gl;lJ (nfhNyh.2:15 > vgp.2:14) . ehk; gprhRf;F gag;glNtz;Lk; vd;W $wg;gltpy;iy Mdhy; ehk; gprhRf;F vjph;j;J epw;f Ntz;Lk; mg;nghOJ mtd; Xbg; Nghthd; (ahf;.4:7). tpRthrpapd; kPJ gprhRf;F mjpfhuk; ,Uf;Fkhdhy; ,g;gb mtd; epr;rakhf Xlkhl;lhd; . ,Ue;jhYk; gprhRf;F ,lk; nfhLf;ff; $lhJ vd;W vr;rhpf;fg;gLfpNwhk; (vNgrp.4:27 ) mtdhy; jPiknra;jj; J}z;l KbAk;> Vkhw;w KbAk;> tpRthrpfis jhf;fTk; KbAk; vd;whYk; mtid NjtDila ty;yikahy;> fh;j;juhfpa ,NaR fpwp];Jtpd; ,uj;jj;jhy; vjph;j;J epw;fTk; KbAk; (ntsp 12:10-11).

2) cyfj;jpd; Njhy;tp:

cyfj;ijj; Njhw;fbj;jJ ek;Kila fH;j;jUila NkYk; xU ntw;wpahFk;. mtH; $WfpwhH; jpld;nfhs;Sq;fs;. ehd; cyfj;ij n[apj;Njd; (Nah.16:33). cyfj;ij n[apj;jJ kl;Lky;y mij KOJkha; Mf;fpidf;Fs;shfj; jPH;j;jhh; (Nah.12:31 > 1.nfhup.11:32). ,jd; fhuzkhfj;jhd; ehk; cyfj;jpypUe;J gpupe;jtH;fshff; fhl;lNtz;Lk; (2.nfhup.6:14-17). ,J fpwp];jtH;fs; my;yhjtH;fis tpl;Lj; jdpahfg; gpupe;jpUg;gijf; Fwpf;fhJ (kj;.11:19). Mdhy; mjd; nghUs; vd;dntd;why; mRj;jg;gLj;Jgitfspy; ,Ue;Jk;> xj;Jg;Nghjy; kw;Wk; rkepiyaw;w cwTKiwapy; ,Ue;J tpyFtjhFk;. ehk; cyfpd;kPJ md;G$uf;$lhJ (1.Nah.2:15). tpRthrj;jpdhNy mij n[apf;fNtz;Lk; (1.Nah.5:4).

3) khk;rj;jpd; Njhy;tp:

fH;j;juhfpa ,NaR rpYitapNy khk;rj;ijj; Njhw;fbj;jhh; (Nuh.6:6)> khk;rj;jpdhNy ghtj;ij Mf;fpidf;Fs;shfj; jPH;j;jhh; (Nuh.8:3). xU fhyj;jpy; ehk; ghtj;jpw;F mbikahapUe;Njhk;. ,g;nghONjh RahjPdKs;stH; fshapUf;fpNwhk; (Nuh.6:20-22). fpwp];J ,uz;L Rfj;ij tpRthrpfSf;F ghtj;jpy; ,Ue;J je;jpUf;fpwhH;. mtH; ek;ikg; ghtj;jpd; Fw;wj;jpy; ,Ue;Jk; mjd; ty;yikapypUe;Jk; ek;ik ,ul;rpj;jpUf;fpwhH;. ehk; vjpH;f;fKbahj ,r;irfSf;Fs; tPo;e;Jtpl cjtpaw;wtH;fsy;y. ehk; ghtk; nra;tjw;Ff; fhuzkhd khk;r ,r;irfis Nkw;nfhs;s NjtDila ty;yik ekf;F cz;L.

,r;irfspypUe;J ntw;wp ngw ehk; vd;d nra;aNtz;Lk; ?

ek;Kila fH;j;juhy; ntw;wpnfhs;tjw;F Nkw;nfhs;sg;gl;l topKiwfis ehk; nrhe;jk; ghuhl;bf;nfhs;sNtz;Lk;. ve;j NrhjidapypUe;Jk; jg;Gtjw;F topAz;L (1.nfhup.10:13). Nrhjid Neuq;fspy; khk;rj;jpd; ngytPdj;ij mwpe;J n[gk;gz;ZtJ ey;yJ (kj;.26:41). Nrhjid Nkw;nfhs;tjw;F ehk; Mtpapd; ty;yikia ehLtJ Njitaha; ,Uf;fpwJ. Gj;jpahd rpy nray;fshy; rpy Nrhjidfisj; jtpH;f;fyhk; (1.nfhup.7:5). Ra gyj;jpy; mjpf ek;gpf;if nfhs;tJ Mgj;Jf;Fupa xd;W> ,ijf; fz;bg;ghf tpyf;fpf;nfhs;s Ntz;Lk; (gpyp.3:3). Ntjthf;fpaq;fs; ehk; ntw;wpg;ghijapy; vg;gbr; nry;yyhk; vd;W fw;Wj;jUfpwJ.

1) vz;zpf;nfhs;sy;:

ghtj;jpw;F kupj;J fH;j;juhfpa ,NaR fpwp];JTf;Fs; NjtDf;nfd;W gpioj;jpUf;fpwtH;fshf vz;zpf;nfhs;Sq;fs; (Nuh.6:11). ehk; fpwp];JNthNlf; $l rpYitapy; khpj;jpUf;fpNwhk; > ek;Kila gioa kdpjDk; mtNuhL $l miwag;gl;ls;shh; vd;W ek;Kila kdjpNy ehk; vg;nghOJk; epidj;J mjd; gb nray;g;glNtz;Lk; (nfhNyh.3:3). khpj;Jg;Nghd kdpjd; ghtj;jhy; <H;f;fg;gLtjpy;iy.

2) xg;Gf;nfhLj;jy;:

kupj;NjhupypUe;J gpioj;jpUf;fpwtH;fshf NjtDf;F xg;Gf;nfhLj;J> cq;fs; mtatq;fis ePjpf;Fupa MAjq;fshf NjtDf;F xg;Gf;nfhLq;fs; (Nuh.6:13). ehk; ek;Kila ruPuq;fis NjtDf;Fg; gpupaKs;s [Ptgypahf xg;Gf;nfhLf;fNtz;Lk; (Nuh.12:1). mg;nghOJ fl;Lg;ghLs;s tho;f;ifapd; %yk; Mtpf;Fupa ejp ghAk; (Nah.7:38-39). Mtpf;Nfw;wgb ele;Jnfhs;Sq;fs;> mg;nghOJ khk;r ,r;iria epiwNtw;whjpUg;gPH;fs; (fyh.5:16).

3) gprhRf;F vjpHj;J epy;Yq;fs;:

gprhRf;F vjpH;j;J epy;Yq;fs; vd;W ekf;F Gj;jpnrhy;yg;gLfpwJ (ahf;.4:7). ehk; n[gk;gz;zNtz;Lk;> NjtDila thh;j;ijiag; gad;gLj;jNtz;Lk; (kj;. 4:1-11). ek;Kila Mtpf;Fupa Aj;jj;jpd; ntw;wp> fpwp];J ek;Kila tpNuhjpkPJ ngw;w ntw;wpia rhH;e;J epw;fpwJ. ehk; mtupd; ntw;wpia cupik ghuhl;b Rje;jupj;Jf;nfhs;sNtz;Lk;.

Njhy;tpapypUe;J kPSk; top

1) fpwp];Jtpd; cjtpia ehLq;fs;:

xU fpwp];jtd; ghtkw;wtdhf ,Ue;jhYk; ghtkw;wtd; my;yd;. Mifahy;j; jhd; gupRj;j Ntjk; $WfpwJ> xUtd; ghtk; nra;thdhdhy; ePjpguuhapUf;fpw ,NaR fpwp];J ekf;fhfg; gpjhtpdplj;jpy; gupe;JNgRfpwtuhapUf;fpwhH; (1.Nah.2:1). mLj;j trdk; $WfpwJ> ,NaR fpwp];J ghtj;ij eptpH;j;jp nra;jhnud;W> vg;gbnadpy; mtH; ek;Kila vy;yhg; ghtq;fSf;fhfTk;> mjhtJ ,we;jfhy> epfo;fhy> tUq;fhyg; ghtj;jpw;fhf rpYitapy; kupj;jhH;. ,g;nghOJ ,NaR ekf;fhfg; gpjhtplk; gupe;JNgRgtuha; ,Uf;fpwhH;.

2) Njtdplj;jpy; mwpf;ifapLq;fs;:

NjtNdhLs;s ek;Kila If;fpak; ehk; ek;Kila ghtq;fis mwpf;ifapLk;nghOJ jpUk;gTkhf epiy epWj;jg;gLfpwJ (1.Nah.1:9). mwpf;if vd;w nrhy;ypd; nghUs; gpwH; nrhy;tJNghy; nrhy;tjhFk; my;yJ rk;kjpg;gjhFk;. ehk; ghtq;fis mwpf;ifgz;Zk;NghJ NjtNdhL ehk; nra;fpwJ jtW vd;W rk;kjpf;fpNwhk;. ehk; ghtk; nra;jpUf;fpNwhk; vd;W $wptpLtJ kl;Lk; NghjhJ. Mdhy; cz;ikahfNt vd;d ghtj;ijr; nra;Njhnkd;W njspTglf;$wNtz;Lk;.

3) NjtDila kd;dpg;ig cupik nfhz;lhLq;fs;:

Njtdpd; gupg+uz kd;dpg;igAk;> kfpikiaAk; Vw;Wf;nfhs;Sq;fs;. ghtj;ij xg;Gf;nfhz;L> mij tpl;l gpd;G NjtDila ghtkd;dpg;ig Vw;Wf;nfhs;s jtWtJ ehk; mtiug; ngha;auhf;FfpNwhk;. Vndd;why; mtH; ghtkd;dpg;ig ,e;j tifapy; mUspAs;shh;. gioa ghtq;fis njhlH;e;jpUj;jy; tUq;fhy ,lWjy;fSf;F jUzk; mikj;Jj; jUfpwJ.

KbTiu

Nrhjid vd;gJ fpwp];jtH;fspd; tho;f;if cz;ikahFk;. mtd; gprhR> cyfk;> khkprk; Mfpa jPikfisr; re;jpf;fpwhd;. ,Ue;jNghjpYk;> fH;j;juhfpa ,NaR me;jfhuj;jpypUe;J ntspr;rj;jpy; elf;fTk;> ntw;wpAs;s tho;f;if thoTk;> mjpf fdp nfhLf;fTk;> kWgb gpwe;j tho;itf; fhl;lTk; ek;ik mioj;jpUf;fpwhH;. fpwp];J rpYitapy; ek;Kila vjpupiaj; Njhw;fbj;J> ek;Kila ,ul;rpg;gpd; mjpgjpahdgbahy; ,ij eilKiwg;gLj;jpAkpUf;fpwhH; (vgp.2:10). ek;Kila mjpgjpahd fpwp];J ntw;wpngw topelj;j MtYs;stuhAk; ek;%ykhf mtiug; gw;wp mwptpd; eWkzk; vq;Fk; gutTk; tpUg;gKs;stuha; ,Uf;fpwhH; (2.nfhup.2:14). NkYk; ek;Kila Mtpf;Fupa Aj;jj;ijr; re;jpj;J ntw;wp ngw> fpwp];J ehd;F tifahd %y Mjhuq;fisj; je;Js;shH;: ekf;Fs; ,Uf;fpw gupRj;jMtpahdtH; (Nuh.8:9>11)> fpwp];J ekf;fhfg; guNyhfj;jpNy gupe;J NgRfpwhH; (vgp.7:25)> NjtDila thh;j;ij ek;ikg; Ngh\pf;fpwJ ekf;fhf Aj;jk;gz;ZfpwJ> ,Wjpahf n[gk; ekf;fhfj; NjtNdhL capUs;s njhlH;ig cz;Lgz;ZfpwJ (vgp.4:16).

 ek;ik ntw;wp ngw elj;Jtjw;F xU mjpgjpAk;> %y Mjhuq;fSk; ,Ue;jhYk;> ehk; rj;jpaj;ijg; gpd;gw;WfpwtH;fshfTk;> mtw;Wf;Ff; fPo;g;gbfpwtH;fshfTk; ,Uf;fNtz;baJ Njitahf cs;sJ. ,J mwpTg+H;tkhf mwptjd;%yk; Vw;glhJ. ,NaRit Mz;ltH; vd;W nrhy;ypAk;> mtH; nrhy;Yfpwgb nra;ahky; ,Ug;gJ kha;khyj;jpd; Kjd;ikj; jd;ikahFk; (Y}f;.6:46). fPo;g;gbjy; Mtpf;Fupa cz;ikj; jd;ikapd; gupNrhjid (1.Nah.2:3-4). mtH; kPJ ehk; nfhz;Ls;s md;gpd; gupNrhjid (Nah.14:15-21). mJNt Mtpf;Fupa tsH;r;rpapd; topahFk;.

ghlk; 7 w; fhd Nfs;tpfs;

1) guPl;rpj;Jg; ghHj;jypd; njhlf;fj;ijAk;> jd;ikiaAk;> Nehf;fj;ijAk; (ahf;.1:2-12) Nrhjidapd; Jtf;fj;ijAk;> jd;ikiaAk;> Nehf;fj;ijAk; (ahf;.1:13-15) $wp NtW ghl;ilf; fz;LgpbAq;fs;.

2) fPo;tUk; trdq;fspd; Nrhjidf;F %y Mjhukhf ,Ug;gJ vJ vd;Wk; mtw;wpd; gz;Gfs; vJ vd;Wk; milahsk; fhz;f.

vNgrp.6:11-12

1.NgJ.5:8

Nuh.12:2

2.jPNkh.4:10

1.Nah.2:15-16

khw;.7:21-.23

3) Nrhjidapd;kPJ ehk; ngWfpd;w ,Wjp ntw;wp vjd; mbg;gilapy; cs;sJ (Nah.12:31-33 > Nuh.6:6)?

4) Nrhjidiag; gw;wp ,uz;L Kf;fpakhd gFjp Mjpahfkk; 3:1-6 > NahRth 7:20-21 MFk;. cq;fSila fUj;Jg;gb ,g; gFjpfspd; Nrhjid vq;F KbfpwJ? ghtk; vq;F njhlq;FfpwJ? ,t;tpU epfo;r;rpfspy; fhzg;gLfpw tsH;r;rp vd;d?

5) Mjpahfkk; 3:1-6 > kj;NjA 4:1-11 Mfpa trdq;fisg; gbj;J mjpy; NrhjidfspYk;> mjd; tpisTfspYk; cs;s Ntw;Wik xw;Wik vd;d?

6) 1.nfhupe;jpaH 10:13 I cq;fs; nrhe;j eilapy; vOJf.

,e;j trdj;jpy; Fiwfs; gw;wpAk;> topKiw gw;wpAk; vd;d gbf;fpwPH;fs;? ePq;fs; vg;gbr; Nrhjidiaj; jhq;fpf; nfhs;tjw;F Nkyhf ,Uf;fpwJ vd;W fzf;fpLtPHfs;?

7) NuhkH 6k; mjpfhuj;ijg; gbf;fTk;> fpwp];jtd; ghtk; nra;a Ntz;bajpUf;Fkh? cq;fs; gjpy; vd;d?

8) Nrhjidia n[apg;gjw;F vLf;fNtz;ba rpy Kd;ndr;rupf;if eltbf;iffs; vd;d?

rq;.119:9-11

kj;.26:41

2..jPNkh.2:22

ahf;.4:7

9) JH,r;irf;F ,lk; nfhLf;fhky; ,Uf;f vd;d nra;aNtz;Lk; (Nuh.13:13-14)?

mg;Ngh];jyH; 19:19y; ePq;fs; fhz;gJ vd;d? ,ij cq;fs; tho;f;ifapy; vg;gbf; filg;gpbg;gPH;fs;. tpRthrpfs; ,t;thW nraw;gl;ljhy; vd;d tpisT Vw;gl;lJ (mg;.19:20)?

10) ehk; Njhy;tp milfpd;w nghOJ vd;d nra;aNtz;Lk; (1.Nah.1:9)? ,jpy; vd;d gq;F ngWfpwJ (rq;.32:1-5)

,e;j topKiw ghtk; nra;tjw;Fupa mDkjpah (Nuh.6:1-2)?