பாடம் 11: நாம் அவரின் சாட்சிகளாய் இருக்கிறோம்

ghlk; 11: ehk; mtupd; rhl;rpfsha; ,Uf;fpNwhk;

ruhrup egH; jd;Dila Mj;khtpd; epj;jpaj;ij ,oe;J Mgj;jpy; ,Uf;fpwhuh? fh;j;juhfpa ,NaR $wpdhH;: [PtDf;Fg; Nghfpw thry; ,Lf;fKk;> top neUf;fKkhapUf;fpwJ. mijf; fz;Lgpbf;fpwtH;fs; rpyH; (kj;.7:14). fpwp];Jit mwpe;Njd; vd;w ve;jtpj mj;jhl;rpapy;yhky; ,Uf;fpw ez;gh;fs; my;yJ gf;fj;jpy; trpg;gth;fs; epiy vd;d? NjtDila xNuNgwhd FkhuDila ehkj;jpy; tpRthrKs;stdhapuhjgbapdhy;> mtd; Mf;fpidj; jPh;g;Gf;Fl;gl;lhapw;W (Nah.3:18). ,t;trdq;fs; gaq;fukhd trdq;fs;> mikjpahfNth> rhj;kPfkhfNth ,Uf;f ek;ik mDkjpf;fhJ. 95 tPjf; fpwp];jth;fs; jq;fspd; fpwp];jt miog;gpd; Kf;fpa gFjpahf fhzg;gLfpw> RtpNrrj;ij gpwNuhL gfph;e;J nfhs;tjpy;iy. ehk; vg;gb ,g;gbg;gl;l nghJthd fUj;Jld; xg;Guthf KbfpwJ? 2000 Mz;LfSf;F Kd;dhy; fh;j;juhfpa ,NaR $wpdhh; mWg;G kpFjp> Ntiyahl;fNsh nfhQ;rk; (kj;.9:37). jUzj;jpw;Nfh> Njitf;Nfh vt;tpj gw;whf;FiwAk; ,y;iy vd;gij Fwpj;Jf; nfhs;Sq;fs; Ntiyahl;fNsh nfhQ;rk;.

 fh;j;juhfpa ,NaRTf;F kdpj Mj;Jkhf;fs; kPJ nfhz;Ls;s mf;fiw kpfg; ngHpJ> Mjyhy;jhd; jd;id Gwf;fzpj;J efuj;ij ghh;j;J fz;zPh; tpl;lhh; (Y}f;.19:41-42). xUtUk; nfl;Lg;Nghfhky; vy;yhUk; kdk; jpUk;g Ntz;Lk; (2NgJ.3:9) vd;W tpUg;gKs;stuha; ,Uf;fpwhh;. vy;yh kdpjUk; ,ul;rpf;fg;glTk;> rj;jpaj;ij mwpfpw mwpit milaTk;> mth; rpj;jKs;stuhapUf;fpwhh; (1.jPNkh.2:4). ,th; jd;Dila fpuhkk; fpuhkkhfr; nrd;W NjtDila ,uh[;aj;ij Fwpj;J gpurq;fpj;J te;jhh;. mth; xU nghpa jdpegh; Copah;. jdp eguhf Vuhskhd egh;fis Mjhag;gLj;jpdhh;> mtw;iwf;Fwpj;J RtpNr\Nk rhl;rp gfUk; msTf;F cs;sJ. mth; jd;id ftdpf;fpwth;fis ghh;j;jNghJ> fpwp];Jtpy;yhj gaq;fu epj;jpaj;NjhL mth;fisg; ghh;j;jhh;. mth;fsplk; NjtDf;F gag;gLq;fs;> mtUf;Nf Mj;Jkhit mopf;f ty;yik cz;L vd;W $wpdhh; (kj;.10:28).

rhl;rpahf ,Uf;f miog;G

fh;j;jh; jd;id gpd;gw;Wfpwth;fis mioj;jjpy; vt;tpj jtWk; ,y;iy. vd;gpd;Nd thUq;fs;> cq;fis kD\iug; gpbf;fpwth;fshf;FNtd; (kj;.4:19). mth;fs; Moj;jpNy tiyfis NghLtjpy; mth; tpUg;gKs;stuhapUe;jhh;> flypNy tho;fpd;w kPd;fis tplTk;> kdpjiug; gw;wp mf;fiw cs;stuhf ,Ue;jhH; (Y}f;.5:4>10). Mtpf;Fhpa tpRthrpfshf Kd;Ndwp nry;y mth;fis mioj;jhh;. ,Njh tay; epyq;fs;> cq;fs; fz;fis VnwLj;J ghUq;fs;> mWf;fpwtd; $ypia thq;fp epj;jpa [PtDf;fhfg; gyidr; Nrh;j;Jf; nfhs;fpwhd; (Nah.4:35-35) kdpj ,Ujaj;jpNy mth;fs; tpijia tpijf;f Ntz;bapUe;jJ (khw;.4:14) n[gj;jpdhNy ePh; gha;r;r Ntz;bapUe;jJ> NjtDila ,uh[;aj;jpw;fha; Mj;Jkhf;fis mWtil nra;a Ntz;bapUe;jJ. rpNdfk; mw;w cyfpNy cs;s ePjpkd;w miwapNy rhl;rpfshapUe;jhh;fs; (mg;.1:8) mope;J Nghfpwth;fSf;F Njt nra;jpia nfhLf;f Njt Mtpahdth; mth;fSf;F nfhLf;fg;gl;lhh;. mth; mth;fis jFjpg;gLj;jpdhh;> ,t;thwhf Mjp tpRthrpfs; vq;Fk; nrd;W> thh;j;ijia gpurq;fpj;jhh;fs; (mg;.8:4).

gytPdkhd kdpjdplj;jpy; Njtd; ,g;gbg;gl;l fbdkhd xU gzpia xg;gilj;jpUg;gJ Mr;rhpakhf cs;sJ. yPwha; <k;]; vOJfpwhh; Njtd;> ehk; jhd; Kf;fpakhf RtpNrrj;ij gpwUf;F nrhy;yNtz;Lk; vd;W> mg;gzpia ekf;F xJf;fpapUf;fpwjw;F gjpyhf> mth; Nahthd; 3:16 ia jpde;NjhWk; thdj;jpNy vOjpapUf;f KbAk; my;yJ el;rj;jpuq;fspy; $l mtuhy; vOjpapUf;f KbAk;. ew;nra;jp xU ghpRj;j xg;gilg;G (1njr.2:4). ekf;F ,J xU tho;th> rhth vd;w gpur;rid (Nuh.9:3) fh;j;juhy; kPl;fg;gl;lth;fs; mikjpahapUf;fhky; mth;fs; mij nrhy;yNtz;Lk; (rq;.107:2-3) NyfpNahdhfpa gprhRfs; gpbj;jtd; fy;yiwfs; kj;jpapy; nfhLukhd tho;f;if tho;e;J te;jhd;. mtd; kPl;fg;gl;l nghONjh> ,NaR mtid xU rhl;rpahf clNd mDg;Gfpd;whh; (khw;.5:19). xOf;fkw;w xU ngz;kzp ,ul;rpf;fg;gl;l nghOJ> ,NaRtpd; RtpNr\j;jpd; Kf;fpa rhl;rpahf me;epaNjrj;jpNy khwpdhs; (Nah.4:28-29>39) ,NaRthy; nrh];jkhd fz;njhpahj kdpjd;> ,NaRit gw;wp mjpfk; njhpahjtdhf ,Ue;j nghOjpYk; ehd; FUldhapUe;Njd; ,g;nghOJ fhz;fpNwd; ,J xd;Wjhd; vdf;Fj; njhpAk;> vd;W $w Kbe;jJ. Ntjj;jpy; cs;s ve;j trdKk;> fpwp];Jit mwpf;ifgz;Zjy; Mtpf;Fhpa tuq;fis Nghy> xU Fwpg;gpl;l tFg;ghUf;F xJf;fg;gl;ljhfNth> my;yJ mjw;fhf gapw;rp ngw;w tpRthrpfSf;fhd gzp vd;Nwh $wtpy;iy. NgJUitg; Nghy ekf;F Ngr Kbahtpl;lhy;> me;jpNuahitg; Nghy; gpwiu ,NaRtplj;jpy; nfhz;L tuKbAk; (Nah.1:40-42) ek;ik Rw;wp ,Ug;gth;fis mz;l ek;ik jtpu NtW xUtuhYk; KbahJ> ghtj;jpypUf;fpw xUtiu vr;rhpf;f Ntz;baJ ek;Kila nghWg;Ng jtpu> NtW xUtUilaJ my;y.

rhl;rpahf ,Ug;gjw;F jilfs;

Njtd; mioj;j Kf;fpakhd Nehf;fj;ij epiwNtw;Wtjw;F> Vuhskhd rf;jp tha;e;j jilfs; tpRthrpfSf;F Vw;gLfpwJ. ,ij ehk; fz;Clhfg; ghh;f;fpNwhk;.

1) gak;

gpwUf;F ntWg;G cz;L gz;ZfpNwhk;> gpur;ridfisj; J}z;b tpLfpNwhk;> ek;ik ntwpah;fs; vd;W miog;ghh;fs; vd;W ehk; rhl;rpahf ,Ug;gjpy; ,Ue;J gpd; thq;FfpNwhk;. rpy Ntisfspy; Njhw;WtpLNthNkh vd;w gaKk; ek; cs;sj;jpy; Vw;gLfpwJ. Mdhy; Ntjk; $WfpwJ> kD\Uf;F gag;gLk; gak; fz;zpia tUtpf;Fk; (ePjp.29:25). gak; NjtDila MrPh;thjj;ij jLf;fpwJ> mJ kl;Lky;y gag;glhNj ve;j thh;j;ijia mbf;fb epidT $Wtjw;F vjpuhfTk; gak; vd;w nrhy; epw;fpwJ. ehk; vd;d nra;a KbAk;? KOijhpaj;jpw;fhf n[gk; gz;z KbAk; (mg;.4:30). me;j tifapy; gTy; $l gaj;ij mwpe;jpUe;jhh;> vt;thwhfpYk; Njtd; mtUila jPh;khdj;ij MrPh;tjpj;J mtid xU rhl;rpahf epWj;jpdhh; (1nfhhp.2:3). ehk; jplk; nfhz;L gak; ,y;yhky; ,Uf;Fk;NghJ> gpw tpRthrpfs; jplk; nfhs;Sthh;fs; (gpyp.1:14). gak; ,Ue;jhYk; ijhpak; nrayhw;WfpwJ.

2) ty;yikapDila gw;whf;Fiw

fpwp];Jtpd; RtpNrrj;ij ek;Kila tho;f;if ntspf;fhl;ltpy;iy vd;why; ehk; ntw;wp ngwkhl;Nlhk; (gpyp.1:27). Mtpahdthpd; ty;yik ,y;yhky; fh;j;jiu gpd;gw;Wfpwth;fs; rhl;rpahf ,Ug;gij mth; tpUk;gtpy;iy (Y}f;.24:49). Njt gf;jp cs;s tpRthrpapd; rhl;rpahf ,Ug;gJ MtpapdhYk;> ty;yikahYk; ntspg;gLtjhFk; (1nfhhp.2:5).

3) gapw;rpapDila gw;whf;Fiw

fh;j;jh; jd;Dila rP\h;fSf;Fg; gapw;rp mspf;f Vuhskhd Neuj;ij nrytopj;jhh;. ehk; jh;krq;flkhd epiyapy; ,Ug;gjhfTk;> rhpah> nghUj;jkhd Ntjtrdq;fis gad;gLj;jj; njhpahjth;fshfTk; ,Ug;Nghkhdhy; ehk; jl;Lj;jLkhwpath;fshfTk;> gzpia ,ilapy; tpl;LtpLfpwth;fshfTk; ,Ug;Nghk;> MfNt ekf;F jdpg;gl;l Kiwapy; ew;rhl;rp NjitahdjhfTk;> jFjpahfTk; ,Uf;fpwJ. ,ul;rpg;gpd; topia Fwpj;Jj; njspthf $Wtjw;F RtpNr\j;jpy; cs;s rpy vspikahd trdq;fis kdjpy; Qhgfg;gLj;jp itj;jpUf;f Ntz;Lk;. mbf;fb gad;gLj;Jfpd;w vspikahd njhlh;r;rp gpd;tUfpwJ:

1. Njtd; ekf;F epj;jpa[Ptid mspf;fpwhh; (Nah.5:24).

2. vy;yhUk; ghtpfs; (Nuh.3:23).

3. ghtj;jpd; rk;gsk; kuzk; (Nuh.6:23).

4. vy;yh kdpjUk; ght eptph;j;jp nra;ag;gLk; nghUl;L kdk; jpUk;Gq;fs; (mg;.3:19-20).

5. ek;Kila ghtq;fis fpwp];J rpYitapd; Nky; Rke;jhh; (1NgJ.2:24).

6. fpwp];J khk;rj;jpy; ntspahd Njtdhf ,Uf;fpwhh; (Nah.1:1>14).

7. ,ul;rpg;G fpUigapdhNy> fphpiaapdhy; my;y (vNg.2:8-9).

8. fpwp];Jit Vw;Wf; nfhs;Sjy; epj;jpa[PtdhFk; (1Nah.5:11-12).

9. ehk; mtiu Vw;Wf;nfhs;s Ntz;Lk; vd;W miof;fg;gLfpNwhk; (Nah.1:12).

10. ,NaRit fh;j;jh; vd;W mwpf;if ,lNtz;Lk; (Nuh.10:9-10).

11. ekf;F epj;jpa[Ptd; cz;L vd;W ehk; mwpa KbAk; (1Nah.5:13).

4) nray;gLjypy; gw;whf;Fiw

kw;nwy;yhg; gw;whf;Fiwia ePf;fpdhYk;> nraw;gLjypy; cs;s gw;whf;Fiw njhluyhk;. Gjpjhf fpwp];JTf;Fs; te;jth;fs; jPtpukhf Kjy; rpy ehl;fs; rhl;rpahf ,Uf;fpwhh;fs;. Njitaw;w jhkjj;ijg; gw;wp gpurq;fp 11:4y; Rl;bf;fhl;lg;gl;Ls;sJ> fhw;iw ftdpf;fpwtd; tpijf;fkhl;lhd;. Nkfq;fis Nehf;fpwtd; mWf;fkhl;lhd;.

trdj;jpDia rhl;rp

fpwp];Jitg; gw;wp gpwUf;F nrhy;Yjy; rhl;rp $Wjypd; Njitaha; ,Uf;fpwJ> ehk; ,ij vg;gb Muk;gpf;f KbAk; vd;gij ghh;g;Nghk;:

1) fpwp];Jitg; gw;wp MtYs;stuha; ,Uq;fs;

fpwp];Jitg; gw;wp gpwUf;F Kd;ghf cw;rhfKs;stuhf ,Uf;fTk;. mth; tuyhw;wpNy kpfTk; gpur;ridf;Fhpa xU kdpjuhf ,Ue;jNghjpYk; mth; kpfTk; ftuf; $batuhfTk; ,Uf;fpwhh;. mtNu Kf;fpa gpur;rid> rigfNsh my;yJ tPo;e;J Nghfpw fpwp];jth;fNsh my;y.

2) Jtq;FfpwtH;fshf ,Uq;fs;

,NaR NjLfpwtuha; ,Ue;jhh;: mth; [dq;fs; mthplj;jpy; tuNtz;Lk; vd;W fhj;jpUf;ftpy;iy (Y}f;.19:10) mth; ,oe;JNghd Mj;Jkhit Njb nrd;whh;. gpwNuhL mwpKfk; vd;Dk; ghyj;ijf; fl;Ltjw;Fk;> Rje;jpukhf mtNuhL goFtjw;Fk; Njb nry;fpwtuhf fpwp];J ,Ue;jhh;> mth;fis Fwpj;J mf;fiw cs;stuhfTk; ,Ue;jhh;.

3) nghJg;gilahd mf;fiwia mikj;Jf;nfhs;Sq;fs;

ehk; ey;y ftdpg;ghsuhf ,Uf;f fw;Wf;nfhs;sNtz;Lk;. cyfj;NjhL ek;ik <LgLj;jhj my;yJ fiwg;gLj;jhj nghJthd epiyiaf; fz;L gpbf;fKbahJ. cyfpNy njhlh;e;J Kf;fpakhd epfo;r;rp ele;J nfhz;L ,Uf;fpd;wd> mitfs; Mtpf;Fhpa rk;ghridfisj; Jtq;Ftjw;F tha;g;gspf;f KbAk;. mJ kl;Lky;y> kf;fSila Mty;fSk;> NjitfSk; ntspg;gilahf fhzg;gLgitfshf ,Uf;Fkhdhy;> mjd; %ykhff; $l Mtpf;Fhpa tp\aq;fis gfph;e;J nfhs;s KbAk;.

4) nja;tPf epakdj;Jf;fhf n[gpf;fTk;

Njtd; Mj;Jkhitj; Njb nrd;W elj;j tpUg;gKs;stuhf ,Uf;fpwhh; (mg;.8:26-39) xt;nthU jdpegUk; NjtDf;F Kf;fpakhdth;fshf ,Uf;fpwhh;fs;. xU kdpjhplk; NgRtjw;fhff; $l mth; Copaf;fhuiu ePz;l J}uk; top elj;Jthh; (Nah.4:3-7). fpwp];JTf;fhf xU Mj;JkhitahtJ Mjhak; nra;a n[gk; gz;ZNthk;.

5) NjtDila trdj;ijg; gad;gLj;Jq;fs;.

thh;j;ij tpijfshf ,Uf;fpwJ. kdpjd; kWgb gpwg;gjw;F mJ xU fUtpahf ,Uf;fpwJ. (1NgJ.1:23). ehk; mij gpwUf;F Kd;ghf cah;j;jpg; gpbf;f Ntz;Lk;. (gpyp.2:14). Njtd; jd;Dila Nehf;fj;ij mtUila thapy; ,Ue;J Gwg;gl;l trdk; epiwNtw;Wtijg; ghUq;fs;. (Vrh.55:10-11).

6) cq;fSila Rarhl;rpia gfph;e;J nfhs;Sq;fs;

ePq;fs; cq;fSila ,ul;rpg;igf; Fwpj;J njspTs;sth;fshf ,Uf;fNtz;Lk;. mitfs; gpwUila topiaj; njspT gLj;Jfpw Mw;wy; cs;sitfshfTk; ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;. Kjypy; rhl;rpia vOJq;fs;> jpUk;g jpUk;gg; gbAq;fs;> gpwF gad;gLj;Jq;fs;. mLj;jghlk; ,ijg;gw;wpf; $wp cq;fSf;F cjtp nra;Ak;.

7) ey;y Nfs;tpfis gad;gLj;Jq;fs;

,JNt fh;j;juhfpa ,NaR gpd;gw;wpd KiwahFk;. Mtpf;Fhpaitfisg; gw;wp ePq;fs; mf;fiw cs;sth;fshf ,Uf;fpwPh;fsh vd;W NfSq;fs;. fUj;J mwpa tplg;gLk; Nfs;tpj;jhis gad;gLj;Jfpwth;fs; ,g;gbg;gl;l Nfs;tpfis gad;gLj;jyhk;. ehq;fs; ,d;iwa tho;f;ifapy; ,NaR fpwp];J vg;gb njhlh;Gilatuhf ,Uf;fpwhh; vd;W kf;fsplk; Ngr te;Js;Nshk;. ePq;fs; rpy epkplq;fs; ,jw;fhhf xJf;FtPh;fsh? cyfj;jpy; ,d;iwf;F vd;d eilngWfpwJ> mJ vq;Nf Muk;gpj;J vd;w Nfs;tp %yk; mth;fspd; kdepiyia Muha;e;J ghUq;fs;. jw;fhyj;jpy; Vuhskhd Gj;jfq;fs; kuzj;jpw;F gpd; tho;T cz;lh? vd;w Nfs;tp gpugykhdjhf cs;sJ. ,jd; %yk; $l Mtpf;Fhpa rk;ghridia Jtq;fyhk;.

[Ptpaj;jpDila rhl;rp

ek;Kila rhl;rp ek;Kila nrhy;NyhL epd;W tpLtjpy;iy> Mdhy; mit ehk; elj;Jfpw tho;f;ifNahL $l njhlh;Gilajhf ,Uf;fpwJ kdp\h; cq;fs; ew;fphpiafisf; fz;L> guNyhfj;jpy; ,Uf;fpw cq;fs; gpjhit kfpikg;gLj;Jk;gb> cq;fs; ntspr;rk; mth;fs; Kd;ghf gpufhrpf;ff;fltJ (kj;.5:16). fpwp];jtj;ij vjph;j;Jr; nrhy;yg;gLfpw nghJthd Fw;wr;rhl;L rigapNy Vuhskhd khaf;fhuh;fs; ,Uf;fpwhh;fs; vd;gjhFk;. fpwp];jtdhf khwhjpUg;gjw;F ,J xU rhf;fhf ,Ue;jhYk;> xU khiaf;fhud; rigapNy ,Ug;gJ mJNt kpf mjpfkhd xd;W vd;gij ehk; xj;Jf;nfhs;s KbAk;. ek;Kila fh;j;jh; gf;jp Nt\k; jhpj;j khiaf;fhhuh;fisf; fz;ldk; nra;jhh; (kj;.23;:13-39). gpwh; ek;ik jPikahd vijAk; nrhy;y ntl;fg;gLk;gb ehk; ey;y [Ptpak; elj;j Ntz;Lk; (jPj;J2:1;>8> 1NgJ.3:16). vy;yh tpRthrpfSk; rhl;rpahf ,Uf;f miof;fg;gl;bUe;jhYk;> Njtd; gad;gLj;Jk;gbahd vy;yhUk; jq;fis mtUf;F fpilg;gth;fshf Maj;jg;gLj;jpf; nfhs;sNtz;Lk;. [Ptpaj;jpy; ,r;rpwg;ghd Fzq;fs; ntspg;gilahfj; njhpaNtz;Lk;.

1) Njtd; Nghrpf;fpw [Ptpak;

cz;ikahd jpuhl;irf;nfhb fdpnfhLf;Fk;gb nrbiar; rhh;e;J epw;Fk;> mJNghy jpuhl;irr;nrbahfpa fpwp];Jitf; nfhbahfpa ehk; rhh;e;J epd;why; fdp nfhLf;Fk;gb ek;ik Ngh\pg;ghh;. fpwp];J $wpdhh;> vd;id my;yhky; cq;fshy; xd;Wk; nra;af;$lhJ (Nah.15:5). jpde;NjhWk; gaDs;s jpahd tho;f;ifia ,g;Ngh\pj;jypd; Mjhukhf ,Uf;fpwJ. fpwp];Jtpd; trdk; rfy Qhdj;NjhL ek;kplk; ghpG+uzkha; thrkha; ,Uf;fNtz;Lk; (nfhNyh.3:16).

2) NjtDila fl;Lg;ghl;bw;Fs; ,Uf;Fk; [Ptpak;

FatDila ifapy; fspkz; mtd; tpUk;GtJ Nghy nra;a jd;id xg;Gf; nfhLg;gJ Nghy> fPo;g;gbjNy Kjd;ikahd jukhf ,Uf;fpwJ (vNu.18:6). fpwp];Jtpd; Mtpapd; fl;Lg;ghl;bNy> ehk; fh;j;jiug; gw;wp Ngr nja;tPf epakdj;NjhL elj;jg;gLNthk;.

3) gpwUf;fhf nghq;fptopAk; [Ptpak;

ek;Kila tho;f;ifapy; ejpiag; Nghy Mtp nghq;fp nghq;fp topAk;NghJ> gpwh; njhlg;gLfpwhh;fs;> fisg;ig Mw;wpf; nfhs;fpwhh;fs; (Nah.7:38). fpwp];JtpDila tho;f;if nghq;fp topjNy. rf;jp tha;e;j rhl;rp gfph;jyhFk;. trdq;fisAk;> ek;Kila md;whlj; jpl;lq;fis gpwUf;F vLj;Jr; nrhy;tij tplTk;> ek;Kila tho;f;ifapy; fhzg;gLfpd;w md;gpd; nraNy gpwiu ftUk;. ehk; jdpahf gpwhplk; ,Ue;J gphpe;jpUf;fhky; gpwh; ek;ik vg;nghOJk; jq;F jilapd;wp mZFtjw;F ek; tho;f;ifia mikj;Jf; nfhs;sNtz;Lk; (Y}f;.15:1-2). fpwp];J [dq;fspd; gpur;ridfisAk;> Neha;fisAk;> ftiyfisAk; mwpe;jpUe;jhh;. mth; NjtDila thh;j;ijahfpa trdj;ij tpijf;Fk; nghOJ grpj;jth;fSf;F Mfhuj;ijAk;> gpzpahsh;fSf;F Rfj;ijAk;> MWjiyAk; mUspdhh; (kj;.13;:37).

 Vuhskhdth;fSf;F fpwp];Jitg; gw;wpa cz;ikfs; njhpAk; Mdhy; ,itfs; ,ul;rpg;Gf;F J}ukha; ,Uf;fpwJ. fpwp];Jtpd; kPJ ek;gpf;if nfhs;fpw nghWg;G mtrpakha; ,Uf;fpwJ> ,ul;rpf;fg;glhjth;fs; ,g;nghWg;ig czuhh;fs;. mijj;jhd; ehk; NgrNtz;bajhapUf;fpwJ. fpwp];JNt tho;f;ifapy; top vd;gij ehk; gfph;e;J nfhs;s tpUg;GfpNwhk;. ek;Kila tho;f;ifapy; mth; Kf;fpa gq;F tfpf;Fk; nghOJ ehk; ed;whf ,ijr; nra;a KbAk;. cz;ikapy;> fpwp];JNt ek;Kila [Ptd; (nfhNyh.3:4).

KbTiu

ek;Kila tpRthrj;jpy; gfph;e;J nfhs;tjpd; Kf;fpa Nehf;fk;> fpwp];Jtpy; md;ghf ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk; (2nfhhp.5:14). mth; ekf;fhf khpj;jhh;> fl;lisiaj; je;jhh; ,JNt ek;ik nray;gl nra;tjhf ,Uf;fNtz;Lk;. ek;Kila mLj;j kpfg; nghpa Nehf;fk; gpwiug; gw;wpa md;ghd fhpridahFk;. ,it ,uz;LNk kj;NjA 22:37-39y; ,Ue;J fhzg;gLfpwJ.

ghlk; 11 w; fhd Nfs;tpfs;

1) khw;F 5:2-20ij gbf;fTk;. rw;W Kd;ghf jd;dhy; nrh];jkhf;fg;gl;l kdpjhplj;jpy; ,NaR vd;d $wpdhh; (19tJ trdk;)?

,NaRtpd; Ntz;Ljypd; Nehf;fk; vd;d?

vg;gb mk;kdpjd; ,NaRtpd; Ntz;LjYf;F fPo;g;gbe;jhd;> mjdhy; tpisT vd;d (20k; trdk;)?

,jpypUe;J cq;fSila tho;f;ifapy; ePq;fs; vd;d filg;gpbf;f KbAk;?

2) 2.nfhhpe;jpah; 5:18>20 trdj;jpd; Kw;gFjpia nrhe;j eilapy; vOJf!

cq;fSila flik vd;d?

vg;gb mij epiwNtw;w Nehf;fkha; ,Uf;fpd;wPh;fs;?

3). RtpNrrfh;fNs rhl;rpahf ,Uf;fNtz;Lk; vd;w $w;Wf;F vg;gb ePq;fs; gjpy; $WtPh;fs;?

4) mtpRthrpapd; epj;jpa Kbitg; gw;wp gpd; tUfpd;w trdq;fs; $Wtnjd;d?

kj;.7:13

kj;>13:41-47

cq;fs; tho;f;ifapy;> ,oe;JNghdth;fSf;F rhl;rp gfh;jiy vg;gb (vNr.33:1-9)d; gb nghWg;ngLj;Js;sPh;fs;?

5) rpy Ntisfspy; epuhfhpj;J tpLthh;fNsh vd;W gae;J ez;gh;fSf;F fpwp];Jitg; gw;wp rhl;rp $Wtjpy;iy. ehk; ek;Kila ez;gh;fSf;F rhl;rp $w Ntz;bajha; ,Uf;fpwjh? (vNr.33:1-9)?

6) ek;Kila md;whl tho;f;ifapd; mbg;gilapy; rhl;rp gfh;jy; Copaj;jpy; kpFe;j Kf;fpaj;Jtk; tha;e;jJ. njrNyhdpf;Nfah; jq;fs; tho;f;ifia nfhz;L rhl;rp gfh;e;jjw;F vd;d Mjhuk; ,Uf;fpwJ (1. njr.1:5-9)?

kj;NjA 5.16 cq;fs; tho;f;ifapy; gf;fj;jpy; cs;sth;fNshLk;> ghlrhiy kw;Wk; Ntiy nra;fpw ,lq;fspYk; vt;thW iff;nfhs;s KbAk; $Wf?

7) rpy tpRthrpfs; $Wfpwhh;fs; ek;Kila tho;f;if xU rhl;rpahf ,Ug;gjhy;> RtpNrrj;ijg; gw;wp xd;Wk; $wj;Njitapy;iy vd;W. Nuhkh; 10:14-17 ia mbg;gilahff; nfhz;L ,jw;F vg;gb gjpy; $WtPh;fs;?

8) tho;f;if rhl;rpiaAk;> thh;j;ij rhl;rpiaAk; $l;lhf Nrh;f;f KbAk;> vg;gbnadpy; fpwp];J vg;gb ek;Kila nrhe;j tho;f;ifia khw;wpdhh; vd;W gpwUf;F vspikahfr; nrhy;Yk; nghOJ Nahthd; 9:25y; fz;njhpahj kdpjhplj;jpy; ,NaRitg; gw;wp Nfl;lnghOJ vd;d $wpdhh;?

vg;gb fpzw;wz;ilapy; re;jpf;fg;gl;l ];jphP mtSila rhl;rpiag; gfph;e;jhs;?

(Nah.4:28-29)?

mjd; tpisT vd;d (trdk; 39)?

9. Gjpa fpwp];jth;fSf;F jdp egh; rhl;rp xU cd;djkhf xU fUtp kl;Lk; my;y> Mdhy; mDgtk; cs;sth;fshy; ty;yikahf gad;gLj;jg;gLgitfshfTk; ,Uf;fpwJ. mg;Ngh];jyh; 26:1-29ij gbf;fTk;. vg;gb gTy; jd;Dila rhl;rpiag; gad;gLj;Jfpwhh;?

RtpNrrj;ij Nfl;Fk;gbahf gTy; jd;Dila rhl;rpapd; Jtf;fj;jpNy vd;d nra;fpwhh; (trdq;fs; 2;>3)?

fpwp];Jitr; re;jpg;gjw;F Kd;dhy; jd;Dila tho;f;ifiaf; Fwpj;J nrhy;Yk; nghOJ (trdq;fs; 4>5>9-11) Vd; gTy; ed;ikahd kw;Wk; jPikahd fhhpaq;fis $WfpwhH?

vg;gb gTy; fpwp];jtd; Mdhd; vd;gjpd; tpsf;fj;ij vt;thW ty;yikahf gad;gLj;Jfpwhh; (trdq;fs; 12-15)? fpwp];Jit re;jpj;jgpd;G mthpd; tho;f;if vijg;Nghy; MdJ (trdq;fs; 9-22)?

vg;gb gTy; jd;Dila rhl;rpapy; RtpNrrj;ij Nrh;j;Js;shh; (trdk; 23)? ,J Vd; Kf;fpakhf ,Uf;fpwJ?

10. tpz;zg;gk; gz;zp> tUfpw thuj;jpw;Fs; ePq;fs; rhl;rp gfug;Nghfpwthpd; ngaiu vOJf______________________________________________

,tUf;fhf xU ey;y nray; nra;f> gpd;tUk; gFjpapy; ePq;fs; vg;gb rhl;rp gfph;e;jPh;fs; mthpd; kW cj;juT vg;gb ,Ue;jJ vd;gij vOjTk;.

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